Lon Nol

born Nov. 13, 1913, Prey Vêng, Camb.
died Nov. 17, 1985, Fullerton, Calif., U.S.

Cambodian military and political leader.

A magistrate in the French colonial service, he became successively head of the national police (1951), army chief of staff (1955), and commander in chief (1960). He was twice premier (1966–67, 1969–70) under Norodom Sihanouk. In 1970 he was the chief architect of the U.S.-supported coup that deposed Sihanouk. He abandoned Sihanouk's policy of neutrality in the Vietnam War and threw Cambodia's support behind the U.S. and South Vietnam. In 1972 he assumed total power in Cambodia; he fled to the U.S. in 1975 when the Khmer Rouge takeover was imminent.

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▪ president of Cambodia
born Nov. 13, 1913, Prey Vêng, Cambodia
died Nov. 17, 1985, Fullerton, Calif., U.S.

      soldier and politician whose overthrow of Prince Norodom Sihanouk (1970) involved Cambodia in the Indochina war and ended in the takeover (1975) of the country by the communist Khmer Rouge.

      Lon Nol entered the French colonial service in 1937 and became a magistrate, then a provincial governor and head of the national police (1951). He joined the army in 1952 and fought against intruding Vietnamese communist guerrillas in Cambodia as an area commander. After again serving as a provincial governor, he became Cambodian army chief of staff (1955) and commander in chief (1960) under the country's leader, Prince Norodom Sihanouk (Norodom Sihanouk). He was deputy premier (1963), minister of defense (1968–69), and twice premier (1966–67 and from 1969) under Sihanouk.

      Lon Nol was a prime architect of the U.S.-supported coup in March 1970 that overthrew Sihanouk, and he became the most prominent leader in the new government, serving as its premier until 1972. Abandoning Sihanouk's policy of neutrality in the Indochina war, Lon Nol established close ties with the United States and South Vietnam, permitting their forces to operate on Cambodian territory. On March 10, 1972, he assumed total power over Cambodia and installed himself as president two days later. In the meantime, the communist Khmer Rouge movement was gathering strength in the Cambodian countryside, despite a U.S. air campaign against the insurgents. On April 1, 1975, with Khmer Rouge communist guerrillas only a few miles from the capital, Lon Nol left the country and settled in the United States, where he died in 1985.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lon Nol — (13 de 1913, Kampong Leav 17 de noviembre de 1985, Fullerton (California)), fue un militar y político de Camboya. Fue dictador de su país entre 1972 y 1975 cuando instauró la república después de derrocar el régimen monárquico del príncipe… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lon Nol — (* 13. November 1913 in Kampong Leav; † 17. November 1985 in Fullerton, Kalifornien) war kambodschanischer Offizier und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Politische Laufbahn 2 Staatschef 3 Exil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lon Nol — (1913 1985) était un homme politique cambodgien qui fut premier ministre et président de la République khmère. Officier de l armée cambodgienne, il était, dans les années 1960 le leader de la droite cambodgienne et sera plusieurs fois ministre de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lon Nol — (1913 1985), fue un militar y político camboyano. Dictador de Camboya (1972 1975), instaurando la república después de derrocar el régimen monárquico de Norodom Sihanuk. Ejerció una política pro occidental para disgusto de los grupos opositores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lon Nol — (1913 1985) homme politique cambodgien. Général, ministre de la Défense (1959 1966), Premier ministre en 1966 1967, puis à partir de 1969; il renversa Norodom Sihanouk en mars 1970, ce qui précipita le Cambodge dans une guerre civile où… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lon Nol — Infobox Prime Minister name =Lon Nol order =President of the Khmer Republic term start =March 10, 1972 term end =April 1, 1975 deputy = predecessor =Cheng Heng successor =Saukam Khoy birth date =November 13, 1913 birth place =Prey Veng, Cambodia… …   Wikipedia

  • Lon Nol — Lọn Nọl,   kambodschanischer General und Politiker, * Kompong Leau (Provinz Preyvang) 13. 11. 1913, ✝ Saint Jude de Dullerton (Calif.) 17. 11. 1985; 1959 66 Verteidigungsminister, 1966 67 und 1969 72 Ministerpräsident. Nach schweren… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lon Non — (1930 1975) était un homme politique cambodgien. Frère du Maréchal Lon Nol, même si sa fonction officielle était limité au rôle de responsable de la police du pays il était néanmoins un rouage important de la République khmère de 1970 à 1975. En… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lon Non — was a Cambodian politician and younger brother of Prime Minister Lon Nol. He served in the National Assembly of Cambodia and supported his brother Lon Nol and Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak in deposing Norodom Sihanouk as head of state. His other… …   Wikipedia

  • Lon Nil — was a Cambodian politician and brother of Prime Minister Lon Nol. While King Norodom Sihanouk was on a trip abroad in Beijing, China, on March 18, 1970, Prince Sirik Matak assisted Prime Minister Lon Nol, in organizing a vote of the National… …   Wikipedia

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