Italian league that resisted attempts by the Holy Roman emperors to curtail the liberties of the communes of Lombardy in northern Italy in the 12th–13th century.Founded in 1167, it was backed by Pope Alexander III, who saw it as an ally against Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. After several military setbacks at the hands of the league, Frederick was forced to grant the Lombard cities communal liberties and jurisdiction under the Peace of Constance. The league again was renewed in 1226 and resisted Frederick II's attempt to reassert imperial power in northern Italy.
* * *▪ Italian historyItalian Lega Lombardaleague of cities in northern Italy that, in the 12th and 13th centuries, resisted attempts by the Holy Roman emperors to reduce the liberties and jurisdiction of the communes of Lombardy. Originally formed for a period of 20 years on Dec. 1, 1167, the Lombard League initially consisted of 16 cities, later expanded to 20, including Milan, Venice, Mantua, Padua, Brescia, and Lodi. It was backed from its beginning by Pope Alexander III, who saw in it a welcome ally against his enemy the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Frederick suffered several military setbacks at the hands of the league, notably the Battle of Legnano (1176), and, after a six-year truce (1177–83), agreed to the Peace of Constance, by which he retained the fealty of the Lombard cities but granted them communal liberties and jurisdiction.The Lombard League was renewed in 1198 and again in 1208. Not until 1226, however, when Frederick II reasserted imperial authority in northern Italy, did it again become a powerful factor in Italian politics for a long period. The new league was formed for 25 years by Milan, Bologna, Brescia, Mantua, Padua, Vicenza, and Treviso. They were soon joined by Piacenza, Verona, Lodi, and other cities, as well as by Boniface II of Montferrat and Godfrey of Biandrate. They received the support of the papacy and effectively opposed Frederick's reorganization of northern Italy. The league passed out of existence after Frederick's death in 1250.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Lombard League — The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of northern Italy (although its membership changed in time), including, among others, Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna … Wikipedia
Lombard — The term Lombard refers to members of or things related, directly or indirectly, to the Lombards ( Longobardi ), a Germanic tribe that dominated northern Italy and adjoining areas from the 6th to 8th centuries. Uses of the term include:History… … Wikipedia
Lombard — /lom bahrd, beuhrd, lum /, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Lombardy. 2. a member of an ancient Germanic tribe that settled in N Italy. 3. a banker or moneylender. adj. 4. Also, Lombardic. of or pertaining to the Lombards or Lombardy. /lom bahrd,… … Universalium
league — league1 /leeg/, n., v., leagued, leaguing. n. 1. a covenant or compact made between persons, parties, states, etc., for the promotion or maintenance of common interests or for mutual assistance or service. 2. the aggregation of persons, parties,… … Universalium
League of towns — A league of towns (in German: Städtebund ) is an alliance of two or more, usually geographically close, towns and/or cities for the protection of their political and/or economic interests. The term predominantly refers to medieval leagues of… … Wikipedia
Lombard language — For the extinct 6th century Germanic language, see Lombardic language. Lombard Lombard/Lumbaart (WL), Lombard (EL) Spoken in … Wikipedia
Lombard-Pápa TFC — Football club infobox clubname = Lombard Pápa fullname = Lombard Pápa Football Club nickname = founded = ground = Stadion Várkerti, Pápa capacity = 5,500 chairman = Péter Bíró manager = Florián Urban league = NB II season = 2006 ndash;07 position … Wikipedia
George Lombard — Infobox MLB player width = 150 name=George Lombard position=Outfielder team=Free Agent number=22 bats=Left throws=Right birthdate=birth date and age|1975|9|14 debutdate=September 4 debutyear=1998 debutteam=Atlanta Braves statyear=2006… … Wikipedia
Kirk Lombard — Record Monkeyface Eel Kirk Lombard is the current record holder of the largest monkeyface prickleback eel ever caught on hook and line. The eel was caught on February 7, 2006 on the waters off Moss Beach, California and submitted to the… … Wikipedia
Football League of Ireland 2006 — Clubs information (*) Shamrock Rovers F.C. were deducted three points for fielding a suspended playerP = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts =… … Wikipedia