Lipset, Seymour Martin

born March 18, 1922, New York, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. sociologist and political scientist.

He received his bachelor's degree from the City College of New York and his Ph.D. from Columbia University, where he later taught (1950–56). While teaching at the University of California, Berkeley (1956–66), he also served as director of its Institute of International Studies (1962–66). Since then he has taught at Harvard University, Stanford University, and George Mason University. His many books about class structure, elite behaviour, and political parties have significantly shaped the study of comparative politics.

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▪ 2007

      American sociologist and political scientist (b. March 18, 1922, New York, N.Y.—d. Dec. 31, 2006, Arlington, Va.), garnered international renown for his work in social structures, comparative politics, labour unions, and public opinion. After receiving a B.S. (1943) from City College of New York, Lipset was a lecturer (1946–48) at the University of Toronto and then an assistant professor (1948–50) at the University of California, Berkeley. He took a doctorate (1949) at Columbia University, New York City, where he served (1954–56) as assistant director of the Bureau of Applied Social Research. Lipset was a professor of sociology at Berkeley for the next 10 years and was director of its Institute of International Studies from 1962 to 1966, when he joined the faculty of Harvard University. In 1975 he became a professor of political science and sociology at the Hoover Institute of Stanford University. Lipset's books included Agrarian Socialism (1950; revised 1968), Union Democracy (1956; with others), and Social Mobility in Industrial Society (1959; with Reinhard Bendix). His Political Man (1960; revised 1981) won the MacIver Award of the American Sociological Association. Other works included Revolution and Counter Revolution (1968); The Politics of Unreason (1970; with Earl Raab; revised 1978), which won the Myrdal Award; Rebellion in the University (1972; reprinted 1976); and The Divided Academy (1975; with E.C. Ladd). These books developed his theory of elite systems and politics. Lipset also edited The Encyclopedia of Democracy (1998), a global study of representative government.

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▪ American sociologist and political scientist
born March 18, 1922, New York City, N.Y., U.S.
died Dec. 31, 2006, Arlington, Va.

      American sociologist and political scientist, whose work in social structures, comparative politics, labour unions, and public opinion brought him international renown.

      After receiving a B.S. from City College of New York (1943), Lipset was a lecturer at the University of Toronto (1946–48) and then an assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley (1948–50). He took his doctorate at Columbia University (1949), where he remained on the graduate faculty (1950–56) and served as assistant director of the Bureau of Applied Social Research (founded by Paul Lazarsfeld (Lazarsfeld, Paul Felix)) from 1954 to 1956. Lipset was a professor of sociology at Berkeley for the next 10 years and was director of its Institute of International Studies from 1962 to 1966. He was a professor at Harvard University from 1966 until he became a professor of political science and sociology at the Hoover Institute of Stanford University in 1975.

      Among Lipset's numerous books are Agrarian Socialism (1950; revised 1968), Union Democracy (1956; with others), and Social Mobility in Industrial Society (1959; with Reinhard Bendix). His Political Man (1960; revised 1981) won the MacIver Award of the American Sociological Association. His other books include Revolution and Counter Revolution (1968); The Politics of Unreason (1970; with Earl Raab; revised 1978), which won the Myrdal Award; Rebellion in the University (1972; reprinted 1976); and The Divided Academy (1975; with E.C. Ladd). These books developed his theory of elite systems and politics. He also edited Emerging Coalitions in American Politics (1978) and The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind (1983; with William Schneider), a study of the decline of confidence of the American public in all major institutions, covering the period from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. He also edited The Encyclopedia of Democracy (1998), a global study of representative government.

      Lipset's work greatly influenced the field of sociology. His books were translated into some 20 languages.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • LIPSET, SEYMOUR MARTIN — (1922–2006), U.S. sociologist. Born in New York City, Lipset taught at Columbia University, the University of Toronto, and at Berkeley, California, before becoming professor in the department of social relations at Harvard University. He served… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lipset, Seymour Martin — (n. 18 mar. 1922, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Sociólogo y cientista político estadounidense. Obtuvo su grado de bachiller en el City College de Nueva York y su Ph.D. de la Universidad de Columbia, donde más tarde enseñó (1950–56). En la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Seymour Martin Lipset — Born March 18, 1922(1922 03 18) New York, USA Died December 31, 2006(2006 12 31) …   Wikipedia

  • Seymour Martin Lipset — (* 18. März 1922 in New York; † 31. Dezember 2006 in Arlington, Virginia) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe und Politikwissenschaftler. Seymour Martin Lipset hat 1967 zusammen mit Stein Rokkan die für die Parteienforschung wichtige Cleavage… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Lipset — Seymour Martin Lipset (* 18. März 1922 in New York; † 31. Dezember 2006 in Arlington, Virginia) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe und Politikwissenschaftler. Seymour Martin Lipset hat 1967 zusammen mit Stein Rokkan die für die Parteienforschung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seymour — Seymour, Edward Seymour, Jane * * * (as used in expressions) Benzer, Seymour Bridges, Robert (Seymour) Cray, Seymour R(oger) Fonda, Jane (Seymour) Hersh, Seymour (Myron) Lipset, Seymour Martin Seymour, Jane Somerset, Edward Seymour, 1 duque de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Seymour — /see mawr, mohr/, n. 1. Jane, c1510 37, third wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Edward VI. 2. a city in S Indiana. 15,050. 3. a town in S Connecticut. 13,434. 4. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Benzer Seymour Bridges… …   Universalium

  • martin — /mahr tn/, n. any of several swallows having a deeply forked tail and long, pointed wings. Cf. house martin, purple martin. [1425 75; late ME (Scots) martoune; presumably generic use of the personal name ( < F < LL Martinus), traditionally by… …   Universalium

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