Liaodong Peninsula

or Liao-tung Peninsula

Peninsula, extending from the southern coastline of Liaoning province, northeastern China.

It partly separates the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) on the west from Korea Bay on the east. It forms part of a mountain belt that continues in the Changbai Mountains; on the peninsula the range is known as the Qian Mountains. Near the southern tip of the peninsula lies the port of Dalian.

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Chinese (Pinyin)  Liaodong Bandao  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Liao-tung Pan-tao 

      large peninsula jutting out in a southwesterly direction from the southern coastline of Liaoning province, northeastern China. It partly separates the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) to the west from Korea Bay to the east, and, with the Shandong Peninsula to the south, it forms the Bo Hai Strait.

      The Liaodong Peninsula is a part of a larger mountain belt, with a southwest-northeast axis, which continues in the Changbai Mountains of the Northeast (Manchuria)–North Korean border area. On the peninsula, the range is known as the Qian Mountains. The backbone of the peninsula consists of a number of parallel mountain ranges formed from ancient granites and shales. These mountains have been weathered into sharp peaks and ridges and are rarely more than 3,300 feet (1,000 metres) high, but the highest peak, Mount Buyun, reaches 3,710 feet (1,130 metres). Most of the southern part of the peninsula is gentler in relief, seldom exceeding 1,650 feet (500 metres) in height. The mountains are deeply dissected by a complex river system, which drains partly into the Yalu River to the east, partly into the Liao River to the west, and partly into the sea directly. The river valleys of the peninsula are narrow, with no large alluvial plains.

      In winter the Liaodong Peninsula is somewhat warmer than the adjacent areas of northeastern China. It receives 20 to 30 inches (500 to 750 mm) of precipitation annually, about two-thirds of which occurs during the hot summer months (July to September); precipitation on the peninsula is, however, more variable than it is in the inland Liao River valley. The growing season lasts 200 days in most parts of the peninsula and 220 days in the extreme south. The area is home to many orchards, especially for apples, and other types of fruit farming. Wheat, corn (maize), and rice are also grown. Chestnut oaks are grown in the highlands for use in tussah silk production. Minerals include iron ore, gold, copper, and magnesite. Boron and salt are also mined. Near the southern tip of the peninsula lies the major city and port of Dalian (which includes the former ports of Dairen and Port Arthur). A north-south railway connects Dalian to Yingkou, at the western base of the peninsula, and continues beyond the peninsula to Shenyang. Dalian and other cities in the area grew rapidly in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liaodong Peninsula — The Liáodōng Peninsula (zh st|s=辽东半岛|t=遼東半島) is a peninsula in the Liáoníng province of northeastern China, historically known in the west as southern east Manchuria. Liaodong (formerly spelled Liaotung ) means East of the Liáo . The Liáo River… …   Wikipedia

  • Liaodong Peninsula — noun a peninsula in northeastern China that extends into the Yellow Sea, between Bo Hai and Korea Bay • Syn: ↑Liaodong Bandao • Instance Hypernyms: ↑peninsula • Part Holonyms: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Liaodong, península — o Liao tung Península situada en la costa meridional de la provincia de Liaoning, en el nordeste de China. Separa en parte el golfo del Bohai situado al oeste, de la bahía de Corea, al este. Es una extensión de un sistema montañoso conectado con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Península de Liaodong — (遼東 辽东 Liáodōng) Vista de satélite del extremo de la península Localización administrativa …   Wikipedia Español

  • peninsula — noun a large mass of land projecting into a body of water (Freq. 1) • Derivationally related forms: ↑peninsular • Hypernyms: ↑land, ↑dry land, ↑earth, ↑ground, ↑solid ground, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Liaodong Bandao — noun a peninsula in northeastern China that extends into the Yellow Sea, between Bo Hai and Korea Bay • Syn: ↑Liaodong Peninsula • Instance Hypernyms: ↑peninsula • Part Holonyms: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • peninsula — peninsular, adj. peninsularism, peninsularity /peuh nin seuh lar i tee, nins yeuh /, n. /peuh nin seuh leuh, nins yeuh leuh/, n. 1. an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Península — (Del lat. paeninsula.) ► sustantivo femenino GEOGRAFÍA Extensión de tierra rodeada de agua por todas partes menos por una, por la que se une a una tierra mayor. * * * península (del lat. «paeninsŭla») f. *Territorio rodeado de agua en casi todo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liaodong — /liaʊˈdʊŋ/ (say leeow doong) noun 1. a peninsula in north eastern China, forming the southern part of Liaoning province. 2. Gulf of, the northern part of the Bo Hai, west of Liaodong peninsula. Formerly, Liaotung …   Australian English dictionary

  • Liaodong,Gulf of — Liao·dong (lyouʹdŭngʹ) also Liao·tung ( to͝ongʹ), Gulf of The northern part of the Bo Hai in northeast China. It borders on the Liaodong Peninsula, a land area projecting southwest into the Yellow Sea. * * * …   Universalium

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