or Li Tzu-ch'engborn Oct. 3, 1605?, Mizhi, Shaanxi province, Chinadied 1645, Hubei provinceRebel leader who brought about the fall of China's Ming dynasty (1368–1644).A former postal worker, he joined the rebel cause in 1631 following a great famine in the northern part of the country. In 1644 he proclaimed himself the first emperor of a new dynasty and marched on Beijing, which he took easily. His victory was short-lived; Wu Sangui, a general loyal to the Ming, called on the Manchu tribes to drive him out, and he fled north, where he was probably killed by local villagers. See also Dorgon.
* * *▪ Chinese rebelWade-Giles romanization Li Tzu-ch'engborn Sept, 1606, Mizhi, Shaanxi province, Chinadied 1645, Hubei provinceA local village leader, Li joined the rebel cause in 1630 following a great famine that had caused much unrest in the northern part of the country. He made his headquarters in the northwestern province of Shaanxi and called himself the Chuang Wang (“Dashing King”). A superb military leader, he gradually increased his following and began to organize raids into neighbouring provinces.After 1639 several scholars rallied to Li's cause. Relying on their advice, he prevented his troops from pillaging and began to distribute the food and land he had confiscated to the poor. Stories and legends of his heroic qualities were purposefully spread throughout the land, and he also began to set up an independent government over the territory he controlled, conferring titles and issuing his own coinage. Finally, in 1644 he proclaimed himself first emperor of the Da Shun, or Great Shun, dynasty and advanced on the capital at Beijing.Li took the city easily because the last Ming emperor was betrayed by a group of his eunuch generals, but his stay in the capital was short-lived. Wu Sangui (1612–78), a general loyal to the emperor, induced the Manchu tribes on the northeastern frontier to enter China. A combined force of former Ming and Manchu troops drove Li from the capital. He fled into Hubei province in the south, where he is thought to have been killed by local villagers.
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Zicheng — Original name in latin Zicheng Name in other language Tzekam, Tzekam hsien, Tzu ch eng chen, Tzu chin, Tzu ch’eng chen, Wingon, Yung an, Yunganhsien, Zicheng, Zicheng Zhen, Zijin, zi cheng, zi cheng zhen State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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Li Zicheng — (zh cp|c=李自成|p=Lĭ Zìchéng) (September 22, 1606 1644), born Lĭ Hóngjī (鴻基), was one of the major figures in the rebellion that brought down the Ming Dynasty China. He proclaimed himself Chuǎng Wáng (闖王), or The Roaming King .BiographyBorn in Mizhi … Wikipedia
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Hong Zicheng — (zh tspw|t=洪自誠|s=洪自诚|p=Hóng Zìchéng|w=Hung Tzu Ch eng, 1593–1665) was a Chinese philosopher who lived during the end of Ming Dynasty. He is often quoted in the contexts of chess and vegetarianism. He wrote Vegetable Roots Discourse: Wisdom From… … Wikipedia
Li Zicheng — o Li Tzu ch eng (3 de octubre de 1606, Shaanxi 1645, Hubei) fue un líder de rebelión que ocasionó la caída de la dinastía Ming (1368 1644). Fue un trabajador del servicio de correos, se unió a la causa rebelde en 1631 después de una gran hambruna … Wikipedia Español
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