Lezama Lima, José

born Dec. 19, 1910, Havana, Cuba
died Aug. 9, 1976, Havana

Cuban poet, novelist, and essayist.

After studying law in Havana, Lezama was associated with several literary reviews and later with a literary group that published the work of young poets who revolutionized Cuban letters. Among his works are the poetry volumes Muerte de Narciso (1937) and La fijeza (1949) and the essay collections Analecta del reloj (1953) and La expresión americana (1957). The novel Paradiso (1966), considered his masterpiece, reaffirms his faith in his art and his own aestheticism in the face of the 1959 revolution, of which he largely disapproved.

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▪ Cuban author
born Dec. 19, 1910, Havana, Cuba
died Aug. 9, 1976, Havana

      poet, novelist, and essayist whose writing profoundly influenced other Cuban writers.

      After studying law in Havana, Lezama became one of the founders and supporters of Verbum (1937) and other literary reviews, and he was leader of the literary group associated with Orígenes (1944–56). They published the work of a number of excellent young poets who revolutionized Cuban letters.

      His solid foundation in the Spanish classics of the Golden Age and his knowledge of the French Symbolists greatly influenced his early work. Muerte de Narciso (1937; “Death of Narcissus”), Lezama's first book of poems, reveals his vast cultural background. Enemigo rumor (1941; “Enemy Rumor”), in addition to aesthetic preoccupations about the essence of poetry, reveals the poet's belief that the act of creation is laden with religious and metaphysical possibilities. In Aventuras sigilosas (1945; “Silent Adventures”), he recreates incidents of his youth and treats his mother's powerful influence on his artistic and cultural growth after his father's death in 1919. His novel Paradiso (1966) has a similar tone and content. It is considered to be his masterpiece and reaffirms faith in his art and in himself.

      The poems in La fijeza (1949; “Stability”) are an attempt to recapture his past experiences. Analecta del reloj (1953; “Selected Work of the Clock”), a collection of essays, is notable for “Las imágenes posibles” (“Possible Images”), which gives his poetic credo. La expresión americana (1957) includes essays that attempt to decipher the essence of Latin-American reality. His Tratados en la Habana (“Treatises on Havana”) was published in 1958, and in 1959 Fidel Castro named him director of the Department of Literature and Publications of the National Council of Culture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lezama Lima — Lezama Lima, José …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Lezama Lima — José Lezama Lima. José Lezama Lima, né le 19 décembre 1910 à La Havane et mort le 9 août 1976, est un écrivain cubain, romancier, poète et essayiste. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jose Lezama Lima — José Lezama Lima José Lezama Lima (La Havane, 19 décembre 1910 19 août 1976) est un écrivain cubain, romancier, poète et essayiste. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Bibliographie 3 Études 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jose Lezama Lima — José Lezama Lima (* 19. Dezember 1910 in Havanna, Kuba; † 9. August 1976 ebenda) war ein bedeutender kubanischer Dichter und Essayist mit starkem Einfluss auf die moderne kubanische Literatur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Bibliografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lezama Lima — José Lezama Lima (* 19. Dezember 1910 in Havanna, Kuba; † 9. August 1976 ebenda) war ein bedeutender kubanischer Dichter und Essayist mit starkem Einfluss auf die moderne kubanische Literatur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Bibliografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Lezama Lima — José Lezama Lima. José Lezama Lima (* 19. Dezember 1910 in Havanna, Kuba; † 9. August 1976 ebenda) war ein bedeutender kubanischer Dichter und Essayist mit starkem Einfluss auf die moderne kubanische Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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