died April 11, 1987, TurinItalian writer and chemist.Two years after obtaining a degree in chemistry, Levi, who was Jewish, was captured by the Nazis and sent to Auschwitz as a slave labourer. His autobiographical worksIf This Is a Man, or Survival in Auschwitz (1947), The Reawakening (1963), and The Drowned and the Saved (1986)are restrained and moving accounts of and reflections on survival in the Nazi camps. His best-known work, The Periodic Table (1975), is a collection of 21 meditations, each named for a chemical element. The lingering effects of his wartime trauma may have led to his suicide.
* * *▪ Italian writer and chemistborn July 31, 1919, Turin, Italydied April 11, 1987, TurinItalian-Jewish writer and chemist, noted for his restrained and moving autobiographical account of and reflections on survival in the Nazi concentration camps.Levi was brought up in the small Jewish community in Turin, studied at the University of Turin, and graduated summa cum laude in chemistry in 1941. Two years later he joined friends in northern Italy in an attempt to connect with a resistance movement, but he was captured and sent to Auschwitz. While there, Levi worked as a slave labourer for an I.G. Farbenindustrie synthetic-rubber factory. Upon the liberation of Auschwitz by the Soviets in 1945, Levi returned to Turin, where in 1961 he became the general manager of a factory producing paints, enamels, and synthetic resins; the association was to last some 30 years.Levi's first book, Se questo è un uomo (1947; If This Is a Man, or Survival in Auschwitz), demonstrated extraordinary qualities of humanity and detachment in its analysis of the atrocities he had witnessed. His later autobiographical works, La tregua (1963; The Truce, or The Reawakening) and I sommersi e i salvati (1986; The Drowned and the Saved), are further reflections on his wartime experiences. Il sistema periodico (1975; The Periodic Table) is a collection of 21 meditations, each named for a chemical element, on the analogies between the physical, chemical, and moral spheres; of all of Levi's works, it is probably his greatest critical and popular success. He also wrote poetry, novels, and short stories. His death was apparently a suicide.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
LEVI, PRIMO — (1919–1987), Italian author. Levi was born in Turin and trained as a chemist, receiving his degree from the University of Turin three years after Mussolini had barred Jews from higher education. Although he had a bar mitzvah he was far from his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Levi, Primo — (1919–1987) A Jewish Italian from Turin who initially specialized in chemistry, Levi’s documentary novel, Se questo e un uomo (translated as If This Is a Man, 1947), is regarded as one of the classics of holocaust literatureand has been one of … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Levi, Primo — (1919–87) Italian scientist and writer. Levi was educated at the University of Turin and was subsequently employed as a chemist. He was arrested in 1943 and sent to Auschwitz where his scientific qualifications enabled him to survive. After… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Levi, Primo — (31 jul. 1919, Turín, Italia–11 abr. 1987, Turín). Escritor y químico italiano. Dos años después de titularse de químico, Levi, quien era judío, fue capturado por los nazis y enviado a Auschwitz, como trabajador esclavo. Sus obras autobiográficas … Enciclopedia Universal
Levi, Primo — (1919 87) Italian author. He was born in Turin, and trained as a chemist. His works, many of which describe his experiences in Auschwitz, include // this Is a Man and The Truce … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Levi, Primo — (Torino 1919 1987) scrittore; poeta … Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano
Primo Lévi — Primo Levi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Levi. Primo Levi, né le 31 juillet 1919 à Turin et mort le 11 avril 1987 à Turin, est l un des plus célèbres survivants de la Shoah. Juif italien de naissance, chimiste de profession et de vocation, il … Wikipédia en Français
LEVI (P.) — LEVI PRIMO (1919 1987) Voix singulière dans la littérature italienne que celle de Primo Levi, né à Turin en 1919, où il soutiendra brillamment en 1941 sa thèse en chimie. Cette voix se fait entendre pour la première fois en 1947, quand un petit… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Levi (surname) — Levi is a surname, and may refer to:* Yehuda Halevi * Alexander Levi * Barrington Levy * Beppo Levi, Italian mathematician * Bernard Levy * Carlo Levi * Charles Levi (a.k.a. Levi Levi) of the bands My Life With the Thrill Kill Kult and Pigface *… … Wikipedia
Levi — Levi, Carlo * * * (as used in expressions) Bowen, Norman L(evi) Heller, Yom Tov (Lipmann ben Nathan Ha Levi) Levi Strauss & Co. Levi, Primo … Enciclopedia Universal