Lancisi, Giovanni Maria

born Oct. 26, 1654, Rome, Papal States
died Jan. 20, 1720, Rome

Italian anatomist and epidemiologist.

He related the prevalence of malaria in swampy areas to the presence of mosquitoes and recommended swamp drainage to prevent it. He linked an increase in sudden deaths in Rome to causes such as hemorrhagic stroke, cardiac enlargement and dilation, and growths on heart valves and explored causes of heart enlargement. He also provided the first description of syphilitic aneurysms.

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▪ Italian physician
born Oct. 26, 1654, Rome, Papal States [Italy]
died Jan. 20, 1720, Rome
 Italian clinician and anatomist who is considered the first modern hygienist.

      Lancisi graduated in medicine from the University of Rome at age 18. He was appointed physician to Pope Innocent XI in 1688 and subsequently was physician to Popes Innocent XII and Clement XI. Lancisi's monographs on influenza, cattle plague (rinderpest), and malaria revealed his gifts as an epidemiologist. In his book De noxiis paludum effluviis (1717; “On the Noxious Effluvia of Marshes”) he related the prevalence of malaria in swampy districts to the presence of mosquitoes and recommended drainage of the swamps to prevent the disease. He wrote the classic monograph De subitaneis mortibus (1707; “On Sudden Death”) at the request of Clement XI to explain an increase in the number of sudden deaths in Rome. Lancisi attributed sudden death to such causes as cerebral hemorrhage, cardiac hypertrophy and dilatation, and vegetations on the heart valves. This treatise and De motu cordis et aneurysmatibus (1728; “On the Motion of the Heart and on Aneurysms”), in which he discussed the various causes of heart enlargement and was the first to describe aneurysms of syphilitic origin, markedly contributed to knowledge of cardiac pathology.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lancisi, Giovanni Maria — (26 oct. 1654, Roma, Estados Pontificios–20 ene. 1720, Roma). Anatomista y epidemiólogo italiano. Relacionó la prevalencia del paludismo en las zonas pantanosas con la presencia de mosquitos y recomendó drenar los pantanos para prevenirlo.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giovanni Maria Lancisi — (* 26. Oktober 1654 in Rom; † 20. Januar 1720 ebenda) war ein italienischer Mediziner und Naturforscher. Lancisi studierte Medizin an der Universität Rom und wurde bereits im Alter von 18 Jahren zum Dr. med. promoviert. Er wurde 1688 von Papst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Giovanni Maria Lancisi — Giovani, Maria Lancisi Naissance 26 octobre 1654 Rome (Italie) Décès 20 janvier 1720 (à 66 ans) Rome (Italie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lancisi — Giovanni Maria Lancisi (* 26. Oktober 1654 in Rom; † 20. Januar 1720 ebenda) war ein italienischer Mediziner und Naturforscher. Lancisi studierte Medizin an der Universität Rom und wurde bereits im Alter von 18 Jahren zum Dr. med. promoviert. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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