Lancaster, house of
- Cadet branch of the house of Plantagenet that provided three kings of England in the 15th century (Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI).The family name first appeared in 1267, when the title of earl of Lancaster was granted to Henry III's son Edmund (1245–96). Edmund's grandson Henry (d. 1361) became the 1st duke of Lancaster, and the inheritance fell to his youngest daughter, Blanche, and to her husband, John of Gaunt. His son, Henry of Lancaster, became King Henry IV, and the duchy of Lancaster was merged in the crown. The Lancaster dynasty ended after the defeat of Henry VI by Edward IV of the house of York (see Wars of the Roses), and the Lancaster claims were passed on to the house of Tudor.
* * *▪ English familya cadet branch of the house of Plantagenet (Plantagenet, house of) (q.v.). In the 15th century, it provided three kings of England—Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI—and, defeated by the house of York (York, house of) (q.v.), passed on its claims to the Tudor dynasty.The family name first appeared in 1267, when the title earl of Lancaster was granted to Edmund “Crouchback” (1245–96), the youngest son of Henry III. Two of Edmund's sons by his second wife, Blanche of Artois, succeeded to the title: Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (d. 1322), and Henry, Earl of Lancaster (d. 1345). Henry's son, Henry, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1361), was survived only by two coheiresses. The elder daughter, Maud, married to William, duke of Bavaria, died without issue a year after her father. The Lancastrian inheritance thus fell to the younger daughter, Blanche, and to her husband, John of Gaunt (d. 1399), third surviving son of Edward III. After Gaunt's death his son Henry of Lancaster deposed Richard II and became king himself, as Henry IV. On his accession the duchy of Lancaster was merged in the crown, and the house of Lancaster, in the persons of Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI, ruled England for more than 60 years.Henry V alone had the strength to rule; and his marriage to the daughter of the mad King Charles VI of France did not improve his son's chances. Henry IV had founded his title to the throne on the descent of Lancaster from Henry III in order to avoid the greater claim of the heirs of Gaunt's elder brother Lionel, Duke of Clarence; in the end his grandson was defeated by Edward IV of the house of York—the heir both of Clarence and of Gaunt's younger brother Edmund, Duke of York.The last remaining fragment of Lancastrian title was that which Henry VII derived through Gaunt's legitimized bastard line, the Beaufort Family. By the time Henry VII had inaugurated the Tudor monarchy, the Lancaster lands were firmly in the hands of the crown.
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Lancaster House — is a mansion in the St. James s district in the West End of London. It is close to St. James s Palace and much of the site was once part of the palace complex. It is a Grade I listed building. [IoEentry|427576|Entry on Imagesofengland.org.uk]… … Wikipedia
Lancaster House — Lancaster House … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lancaster House — (Богота,Колумбия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Paralela Autonorte No. 10 … Каталог отелей
Lancaster House — Dibujo de la escalera principal de Lancaster House, realizado por Joseph Nash. La Lancaster House es una mansión situada en el distrito de St. James’s en el West End de Londres. Está muy cerca del Palacio de St. James’s y la mayor parte de la… … Wikipedia Español
Lancaster, House of — (1399–1461, 1470–1471) A branch of the royal family of PLANTAGENET, which had ruled England since 1154, the house of Lancaster and its partisans comprised one of the parties contending for the throne during the WARS OF THE ROSES. The family of … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
Lancaster, House of — … Useful english dictionary
Lancaster House Conferences — may refer to any of the following meetings that took place at Lancaster House in London:*The Lancaster House Conferences (Nigeria) in 1957 and 1958 where the federal constitution for an independent Nigeria was prepared. *The Lancaster House… … Wikipedia
Lancaster House Agreement — The Lancaster House Agreement ended biracial rule in Zimbabwe Rhodesia following negotiations between representatives of the Patriotic Front (PF), consisting of ZAPU (Zimbabwe African Peoples Union) and ZANU (Zimbabwe African National Union) and… … Wikipedia
Lancaster-House-Abkommen — Das Lancaster House Abkommen vom 21. Dezember 1979 ist die völkerrechtliche Grundlage der Unabhängigkeit Simbabwes. Es ist ein Ergebnis der Londoner Konferenz im Lancaster House zu der die britische Regierung die streitenden Parteien einlud. Teil … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lancaster House Agreement — Das Lancaster House Abkommen vom 21. Dezember 1979 ist die völkerrechtliche Grundlage der Unabhängigkeit Simbabwes. Es ist ein Ergebnis der Londoner Konferenz im Lancaster Haus zu der die britische Regierung die streitenden Parteien einlud. Teil… … Deutsch Wikipedia