Laffitte, Jacques

born Oct. 24, 1767, Bayonne, France
died May 26, 1844, Maisons-sur-Seine

French banker and politician.

He became a partner in a Perregaux banking house in 1800 and head of the firm in 1804. As governor of the Bank of France (1814–19), he raised large sums of money for the provisional government in 1814 and for Louis XVIII during the Hundred Days. He saved Paris from a financial crisis in 1818. An early partisan of a constitutional monarchy under Louis-Philippe, he did much to secure Louis-Philippe's accession to the throne, and he briefly served as premier (1830–31) in the July Monarchy.

Jacques Laffitte, drawing by A. Devéria; in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

Courtesy of the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris

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▪ French banker and politician
born Oct. 24, 1767, Bayonne, Fr.
died May 26, 1844, Maisons-sur-Seine

      French banker and politician prominent in public affairs from the end of the Napoleonic period to the first years of the July Monarchy (1830–31).

      The son of a carpenter, Laffitte became clerk in the banking house of Perregaux in Paris, was made a partner in the business in 1800, and in 1804 succeeded Perregaux as head of the firm. The House of Perregaux, Laffitte et Cie, became one of the greatest in Europe, and Laffitte became regent (1809), then governor (1814) of the Bank of France and president of the Chamber of Commerce (1814). He raised large sums of money for the provisional government in 1814 and for Louis XVIII during the Hundred Days. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1816, he took his seat on the Left and spoke chiefly on financial questions. In 1818 he saved Paris from a financial crisis by buying a large amount of stock, but the next year, in consequence of his heated defense of the liberty of the press and the electoral law of 1819, the governorship of the bank was taken from him. One of the earliest and most determined of the partisans of a constitutional monarchy under Louis-Philippe, duc d'Orléans, he was deputy for Bayonne in July 1830, when his house in Paris became the headquarters of the revolutionary party. When Charles X, after retracting the hated ordinances, tried to negotiate a change of ministry, the banker replied, “It is too late. There is no longer a Charles X.”

      Eager to avoid a republic, Laffitte, who was elected president of the Chamber of Deputies, did much to secure Louis-Philippe's accession to the throne. The new king made him a minister of state and finally, in November 1830, premier. He tried to help revolutionary movements abroad (particularly in Italy) but would not let France intervene, except in Belgium, thus provoking criticism from right and left alike. Laffitte resigned on March 13, 1831.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laffitte, Jacques — (1767 1844)    banker, political figure    Born in Bayonne, Jacques Laffitte began his career in the employ of the banker jean Frédéric, count of perréguax (1788) and later became his associate (1800), then his successor (1804). Regent of the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Laffitte, Jacques — (24 oct. 1767, Bayona, Francia–26 may. 1844, Maisons sur Seine). Político y banquero francés. Se transformó en socio de la casa bancaria Perregaux en 1800 y en jefe de la firma en 1804. Como gobernador del Banco de Francia (1814–19), consiguió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Laffitte, Jacques —  (1767–1844) French statesman …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Jacques Laffitte — (* 24. Oktober 1767 in Bayonne; † 26. Mai 1844) war ein französischer Bankier und Politiker. Laffitte war eines von zehn Kindern eines Zimmermanns. Er wurde Angestellter im Bankhaus von Perregaux in Paris. 1800 wurde er dort Partner, 1804 folgte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LAFFITTE (J.) — LAFFITTE JACQUES (1767 1844) Fils d’un charpentier de Bayonne, Jacques Laffitte entre, en 1788, comme comptable à la banque Perrégaux de Paris; il se fait rapidement remarquer pour ses capacités et son travail et devient l’associé de son patron… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacques Laffite — Années d activité 1974 1986 (F1) Date de naissance 21 novembre 1943 Lieu de naissance Paris Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laffitte — Laffitte, Jacques, geb. 1767 zu Bayonne. wurde durch Fleiß, Rechtlichkeit und Klugheit einer der reichsten Banquiers in Europa. 1814 Director der französ. Bank, bei dem Ludwig XVIII. und bald darauf Napoleon ihre Privatgelder niederlegten u.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Jacques Laffitte — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Laffitte.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Jacques Laffite. Jacques Laffitte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques — /zhahk/, n. a male given name, French form of Jacob or James. * * * (as used in expressions) Jacques Fournier Besson Jacques Bossuet Jacques Bénigne Brel Jacques Brissot de Warville Jacques Pierre Callot Jacques Cartier Jacques Chirac Jacques… …   Universalium

  • Jacques — (as used in expressions) Amboise, Jacques d Jacques Joseph Ahearn Jean Jacques Fougère Audubon Jacques Fournier Besson, Jacques Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne Brel, Jacques Brissot (de Warville), Jacques Pierre Callot, Jacques Cartier, Jacques Chirac,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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