Mayan Indians who live in a rich tropical rainforest on the border of Mexico and Guatemala.

Largely isolated, they maintained a traditional way of life until modern times, fishing, hunting, and growing vegetables and fruits. They spin fibres and weave cloth, tan leather, and make pottery, flutes, dugout canoes, and nets. They have preserved their traditional beliefs. Their total number has declined, and only several hundred remain.

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      Mayan Indians living in a territory on the Mexico-Guatemala border. Some Lacandón probably live in Belize, across the eastern border of Guatemala. Currently divisible into two major groups, the total number of Lacandón is less than 600 and decreasing. They inhabit a rich tropical rain forest, well supplied with water, fish, game, and fertile soil. The Lacandón have preserved until recently a quite isolated and primitive way of life. They are farmers, growing corn, beans, squash, and tomatoes together in mixed plots. Other vegetables and fruits may also be grown in separate gardens. They also gather wild fruit, hunt game, and fish.

      Lacandón settlements may consist of single households or clusters of several households, known as caribales. The houses are thatched huts that may or may not have walls, supported on pole frameworks. Possessions are stored in the thatch, and food is hung from the roof in baskets. Crafts include the construction of dugout canoes, the spinning and weaving of cloth, leather tanning, and the making of bark cloth, nets, hammocks, pottery, flutes, bows, and stone-tipped arrows. Clothing usually consists of a long, loose tunic reaching almost to the ground, worn by both sexes. The hair is customarily worn long and loose by both sexes. There is still little trade or contact with the outside world.

      The Lacandón are among the few Middle American Indian groups that successfully resisted the introduction of Roman Catholicism, and most have preserved their traditional beliefs. Unfortunately, disease and waning population have resulted in the loss of some elements of their traditional culture and religion, but prayer and several rituals are commonly practiced.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lacandon — Les Lacandons sont l un des peuples mayas qui vivent dans les jungles de l État mexicain du Chiapas, près de la frontière sud avec le Guatemala. Leur patrie, La Selva Lacandona ( La Forêt ), se trouve le long de la partie mexicaine de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LACANDON — LACAND Indiens Maya, les Lacandon vivent dans le sud du Mexique, dans l’État du Chiapas, près de la frontière du Guatemala. Ils sont établis sur un territoire d’environ 9 000 kilomètres carrés, occupé par une épaisse forêt tropicale, coupée de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lacandón — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Lacandón Hach winik Población total ±1000 Asentamientos importantes Selva Lacandona, Chiapas Idioma lacandón y español …   Wikipedia Español

  • lacandón — lacandón, na 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de una comunidad amerindia que habita Chiapas y Guatemala. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los lacandones. 3. m. Lengua de la familia maya hablada por los lacandones …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Lacandon — Infobox ethnic group group=Lacandón nativename=Hach Winik Real People poptime=Mexico: approx 1000 popplace=Mexico (Lacandon Jungle in Northeastern Chiapas) and Petén, Guatemala rels=Protestant, Traditional Belief System, Some Catholic Influences… …   Wikipedia

  • lacandón — ► adjetivo 1 De una comunidad indígena que habita en Chiapas, estado mexicano, y Guatemala. ► sustantivo 2 Persona natural del pueblo que habita estas zonas. ► sustantivo masculino 3 LINGÜÍSTICA Lengua de la familia maya que hablan los miembros… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lacandon — Die Lacandonen sind ein indigenes Volk im östlichen Chiapas, Mexiko. Die Lacandonen nennen sich selbst „Hach Winik“ „wahre oder echte Menschen“ und unterteilen sich in die Nördlichen und Südlichen Lacandonen. Unter den Nachkommen der alten Maya… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lacandon — Original name in latin Lacandn Name in other language State code MX Continent/City America/Mexico City longitude 17.02116 latitude 91.59578 altitude 803 Population 1062 Date 2013 07 31 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • lacandón — s m 1 Grupo indígena mexicano que habita en la región selvática de la parte nororiental del estado de Chiapas, en las márgenes de los ríos que alimentan al Usumacinta. Su único gobierno es el liderazgo que ejerce el miembro más anciano de la… …   Español en México

  • Lacandon — ISO 639 3 Code : lac ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

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