Kızıl River

ancient Halys River

River, central and north-central Turkey.

The longest river wholly within Turkey and the largest in Anatolia, it rises in north-central Turkey and flows southwestward. It turns north and empties into the Black Sea after a total course of 734 mi (1,182 km). Unsuitable for navigation, it is a source of irrigation and hydroelectricity for the region.

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Turkish  Kizil Irmak , historically  Halys 

      river, the longest wholly within Turkey. It rises in the Kızıl Mountains (kızıl, “red”) in north-central Anatolia at an elevation of about 6,500 feet (1,980 m) and flows southwest, past the towns of Zara and Sivas. It then turns northward in a great crescent-shaped bend, where it breaks through the Pontic Mountains and flows into the Black Sea between Sinop and Samsun after a total course of about 734 miles (1,182 km). The riverbed is shallow, and the volume of water fluctuates greatly with the seasons, with a minimum in summer and a maximum in spring when it is fed by melted snow and rainwater. The variation in its channel and volume makes the river unsuitable for navigation. It is, however, valuable for irrigation and the production of hydroelectricity. Two large hydroelectric schemes are in operation at Hırfanlı and Keşikköprü. These, together with the smaller plant at Kırıkkale, provide electricity to the Black Sea, Marmara, and Aegean regions. The large delta formed by the Kızıl River near Bafra on the Black Sea is noted for its tobacco.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kızıl River — Infobox River TR river name = Kızılırmak caption = Kızılırmak, İskilip Taybi Ovasi origin = Eastern Anatolia Region, Turkey mouth = Black Sea basin countries = Turkey length = 1,350 km elevation = 2,000 m mouth elevation = 0 discharge = N/A… …   Wikipedia

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Kizil — [ki zil′] river in NC Turkey, flowing into the Black Sea: c. 700 mi (1,127 km): also Kizil Irmak [ir mäk′] or Kizilirmak * * * …   Universalium

  • Kizil — [ki zil′] river in NC Turkey, flowing into the Black Sea: c. 700 mi (1,127 km): also Kizil Irmak [ir mäk′] or Kizilirmak …   English World dictionary

  • Kizil Caves — The Kizil Caves (also romanized Qizil Caves; Uyghur: Qizil Ming Öy; Simplified Chinese 克孜尔千佛洞) are a set of 236 Buddhist rock cut caves located 75 kilometres northwest of Kucha on the northern bank of the Muzat River in Baicheng County, Xinjiang… …   Wikipedia

  • Kızıl Irmak — or ancient Halys River geographical name river 715 miles (1150 kilometers) N central Turkey flowing W & NE into Black Sea …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • KIZIL —    (red river), the ancient Halys, the largest river in Asia Minor, which flows into the Black Sea 40 m. E. of Sinope after a course of 450 m …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Kizil Irmak — /ki zil ear mahk / a river flowing N through central Turkey to the Black Sea. 600 mi. (965 km) long. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kizil Irmak — Ki•zil Ir•mak [[t]kɪˈzɪl ɪərˈmɑk[/t]] n. geg a river flowing N through central Turkey to the Black Sea. 600 mi. (965 km) long …   From formal English to slang

  • Kizil Irmak — /kɪˈzɪl ˈɪəmak/ (say ki zil earmahk) noun a river flowing through central Turkey north to the Black Sea. About 965 km …   Australian English dictionary

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