Küçük Kaynarca, Treaty of
- (1774) Pact signed after the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74, in Küçük Kaynarca (now Kaynardzha), Bulg., ending undisputed Ottoman control of the Black Sea. The treaty extended the Russian frontier to the southern Bug River and allowed Russia to navigate freely in Ottoman waters through the Bosporus Strait and the Dardanelles. Most far-reaching was a religious stipulation allowing Russia to represent Eastern Orthodox Christians in several regions, which Russia later interpreted as the right to intervene to protect Eastern Orthodox Christians anywhere in the Ottoman Empire.
* * *▪ 1774Küçük Kaynarca also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji(July 10 [July 21, New Style], 1774), pact signed at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish wars) of 1768–74 at Küçük Kaynarca, in Bulgaria, ending undisputed Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) control of the Black Sea and providing a diplomatic basis for future Russian intervention in internal affairs of the Ottoman Empire.The territorial provisions of the treaty extended the Russian frontier to the southern Bug River, thus ceding to Russia the port of Azov, the fortresses of Kerch and Yenikale on the eastern end of the Crimean Peninsula, a part of the province of Kuban, and the estuary formed by the Dnieper and Bug rivers, including the Kinburn fortress. The territory of the Crimean khanate was to form an independent state, subject to the Ottoman sultan-caliph only in religious matters.The treaty's commercial provisions gave Russia the right to establish consulates anywhere in the Ottoman Empire, to navigate freely in Ottoman waters through the Straits of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, and to enjoy commercial privileges in Ottoman lands.Most far-reaching, however, was a religious stipulation that accorded to Russia the privilege of representing, within the Ottoman Empire, the Greek Orthodox Christians in Moldavia and Walachia (which were to be returned to Turkey) and in the Aegean Islands. Later, Russia freely interpreted and employed this provision to support its claims to a protectorate over the Greek Orthodox Christians anywhere in the Ottoman Empire.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca — The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji ) was signed on July 21, 1774, in Küçük Kaynarca, Dobruja (today Kaynardzha, Silistra Province, Bulgaria) between the Russian Empire (represented by Field Marshal Rumyantsev) and the… … Wikipedia
treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… … Universalium
Treaty of Paris (1856) — For other treaties of Paris, see Treaty of Paris. From Auguste Blanchard s copper plate engraving after Edouard Dubufe s Picture … Wikipedia
Treaty of Constantinople (1832) — Map showing the original territory of the Kingdom of Greece as laid down in the Treaty of 1832 (in dark blue). The Τreaty of Constantinople was the product of the Constantinople Conference which opened in February 1832 with the participation of… … Wikipedia
Treaty of Balta Liman — The Treaties of Balta Liman were both signed in Balta Liman (near Istanbul) with the Ottoman Empire as one of its signatories. Contents 1 1838 2 1849 3 References 4 See also … Wikipedia
Anglo-Ottoman Treaty — Having a favourable balance of trade up until the mid nineteenth century; ‘In the years 1820 22, the Ottoman Empire exported goods worth £650,000 to the United Kingdom. By 1836 38, that figure had reached £1,729,000.’ [ Sevket Pamuk (1987) The… … Wikipedia
Jassy, Treaty of — (Jan. 9, 1792) Pact signed at Jassy in Moldavia (modern Iaşi, Rom.), at the conclusion of the Russo Turkish Wars. The treaty confirmed Russian dominance in the Black Sea by advancing the Russian frontier to the Dniester River. It also restored… … Universalium
Ottoman–Venetian maritime treaty (1416) — The Ottoman–Venetian maritime treaty of 1416 was signed between Ottoman Empire and Republic of Venice, ending a short conflict between the two powers and stipulating the rules maritime trade between them. Background After the collapse of the… … Wikipedia
Ottoman Empire — a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century; collapsed after World War I. Cap.: Constantinople. Also called Turkish Empire. * * * Former empire… … Universalium
Russo-Turkish Wars — Series of wars fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire from the 17th to the 19th century. Russia waged the early wars (1676–81, 1686, 1689) in a fruitless attempt to establish a warm water port on the Black Sea. In the war of 1695–96,… … Universalium