Königgrätz, Battle of
or Battle of Sadowa(July 3, 1866) Decisive battle in the Seven Weeks' War between Prussia and Austria, fought at Sadowa, near Königgrätz, Bohemia (now Hradec Králové, Czech Republic).The Austrians, equipped with muzzle-loading rifles and relying heavily on the bayonet charge, were led by Ludwig von Benedek (1804–1881). The Prussians, led by Helmuth von Moltke, were armed with breech-loading needle guns; they used railroad transport to move their troops, a first in European warfare. The Prussian victory led to Austria's exclusion from a Prussian-dominated Germany.
* * *▪ Austrian historyalso called Battle Of Sadowa(July 3, 1866), decisive battle during the Seven Weeks' War between Prussia and Austria, fought at the village of Sadowa, northwest of the Bohemian town of Königgrätz (now Hradec Králové, Czech Republic) on the upper Elbe River. The Prussian victory effected Austria's exclusion from a Prussian-dominated Germany.Austrian forces on the Bohemian front numbered about 240,000 men, who were equipped with muzzle-loading rifles and relied heavily on the bayonet charge. Their recently appointed commander, General Ludwig August, Ritter von Benedek (Benedek, Ludwig August, Ritter von), had accepted the post with reluctance because of his unfamiliarity with both troops and local terrain. The Prussian forces, totaling some 285,000 men, were deployed mainly in three armies ranging in a 270-mile-long arc, from the border of Saxony to Silesia, under the general command of the chief of the general staff, Helmuth von Moltke (Moltke, Helmuth von), who was to test his new theories and methods in the encounter. The Prussian troops were armed with breech-loading needle guns and for the first time in European warfare fully enjoyed the advantages of railroad transport.After a series of local successes in the field, Moltke was able to unite the three armies on July 1. Because Prussian reconnaissance was faulty and Benedek was searching for better ground, both forces joined battle on July 3 from unfavourable positions. The Austrians lost about 45,000 men, nearly half that number having been taken prisoner, while the Prussians lost fewer than 10,000. Benedek's retreat to the southeast and the Prussians' failure to pursue allowed the Austrians to regroup at Olmütz (Olomouc) in Moravia. Both armies were again prepared for battle near Vienna when a truce was arranged at Nikolsburg (Mikulov) on July 26. Benedek was held responsible for the defeat and was retired. The Prussians learned profitable lessons for the future from their mistakes in this test of strength.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Königgrätz, Battle of — (1866) Also known as the Battle of Sadowa, Königgrätz was the main battle of the Austro‑Prussian War. The three pronged Prussian advance into Bohemia in late June exposed a number of weaknesses in the Austrian North Army and the competence of… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… … Universalium
Battle of Königgrätz — Infobox Military Conflict caption=The Battle of Königgrätz by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869. partof=the Austro Prussian War conflict=Battle of Königgrätz date=3 July 1866 place=Sadová, Bohemia, present day Czech Republic result= Decisive… … Wikipedia
Battle of Lissa (1866) — Infobox Military Conflict caption= The Sea Battle of Lissa by Carl Frederik Sorensen, 1868. partof=the Third Italian War of Independence conflict=Battle of Lissa date=July 20 1866 place=Adriatic Sea, near Lissa, present day Croatia result=… … Wikipedia
Battle of Bezzecca — Infobox Military Conflict caption=Battle of Bezzecca partof=the Austro Prussian War conflict=Battle of Bezzecca date=July 21, 1866 place=Bezzecca, Trentino, northern Italy result=Italian victory combatant1=flagicon|Italy|1861 Italy… … Wikipedia
KÖNIGGRÄTZ — (16), a Bohemian town 60 m. E. of Prague; was the scene of a terrible battle called Sa dowa, in Austria, where the Germans defeated the Austrians in 1866 … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Königgrätz — /kɜnɪgˈgrɛts/ (say kernig grets) noun a town in the Czech Republic, in the north western part on the Elbe in Bohemia; the Prussians defeated the Austrians near here in the Battle of Sadowa, 1866. Czech, Hradec Kralove … Australian English dictionary
Königgrätz /Hradec Králové, Battle of — See Seven Weeks’ War … Historical dictionary of Austria
Bataille de Königgrätz — Bataille de Sadowa Bataille de Sadowa La bataille de Sadowa, huile sur toile de Georg Bleibtreu (1869) Informations générales Date 3 juillet … Wikipédia en Français
Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… … Universalium