Károlyi, Mihály, Count
born March 4, 1875, Fót, Hung., Austria-Hungarydied March 20, 1955, Vence, FranceHungarian statesman.A member of one of the wealthiest families of the Hungarian aristocracy, he entered parliament in 1910 and tried to advance radical ideas in a conservative state, advocating universal suffrage, concessions to Hungary's non-Magyar subjects, and a policy of friendship with states other than Germany. After World War I he served as prime minister in 1918–19, and he tried unsuccessfully to gain a favourable peace settlement from the Allies. After two months as president of the short-lived Hungarian republic in 1919, he resigned and was replaced by Kun Béla. He fled abroad, but he returned to Hungary in 1946 and served as ambassador to France (1947–49).
* * *▪ Hungarian statesmanborn March 4, 1875, Fót, Hung., Austria-Hungary [now in Hungary]died March 20, 1955, Vence, FranceHungarian statesman who before World War I desired a reorientation of Austro-Hungarian foreign policy toward friendship with states other than Germany. He also advocated concessions to Hungary's non-Magyar subjects. After the war, as president of the Hungarian Democratic Republic in 1919, Károlyi was nevertheless unable to hold the lands of the former kingdom together and was soon forced into exile.Károlyi was a member of one of the wealthiest and most famous families of the Hungarian aristocracy. Entering the Hungarian parliament as a conservative in 1910, he soon drifted to the left. His policies—the breakup of large estates, universal suffrage, equality of nationalities, and a maximum of freedom in the joint institutions of Austria-Hungary—were radical positions in conservative prewar Hungary; he had little actual power and almost no following. When, however, the military situation turned against the Central Powers toward the end of World War I, Károlyi emerged as an influential figure, and on Oct. 25, 1918, he formed a national council composed of his followers, bourgeois radicals, and social democrats. King Charles IV (Emperor Charles I of Austria) appointed him Hungarian prime minister on October 31 and recognized Hungary as a separate state with a separate army. Károlyi hoped to gain a favourable peace settlement from the Allies but was disappointed. Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia seized extensive stretches of Hungary, and when the Allies demanded yet further territorial concessions, he resigned (March 20, 1919) the presidency that he had held since January 11. He was replaced by Béla Kun and the Hungarian Soviet Republic. After fleeing abroad in July 1919, Károlyi became a left-wing socialist, returning to Hungary in 1946. While ambassador to Paris (1947–49), he resigned after the arrest of László Rajk and protested, from Paris, against Rajk's death sentence.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Károlyi, Mihály Count — (1875–1955) Hungarian liberal statesman and landed aristocrat, Count Károlyi was best known for presiding over aspects of the liquidation of the Austro Hungarian Empire with the end of World War I. Descending from a noble family and owning… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name … Universalium
Mihály Károlyi — 1st President of the Hungarian Democratic Republic Acting: 16 November 1918 – 11 January 1919 In office 16 November 1918 – 21 March 1919 Preceded by Károly IV (King of Hungary … Wikipedia
Károlyi — is a surname, and may refer to:* Alajos Károlyi (1825 ndash;1899), Austro Hungarian Count * Béla Károlyi (1942), Hungarian gymnastics coach * Gyula Károlyi (1841 ndash;1947), former Prime Minister of Hungary * Márta Károlyi (1942), gymnastics… … Wikipedia
Károlyi — biographical name Count Mihály 1875 1955 Hungarian politician … New Collegiate Dictionary
Gyula Károlyi — Count Gyula Károlyi de Nagykároly Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary In office 24 August 1931 – 1 October 1932 ( 100000000000000010000001 year, 1000000000000003800000038 … Wikipedia
Hungary — /hung geuh ree/, n. a republic in central Europe. 9,935,774; 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Cap.: Budapest. Hungarian, Magyarország. * * * Hungary Introduction Hungary Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro Hungarian Empire, which… … Universalium
World War I — the war fought mainly in Europe and the Middle East, between the Central Powers and the Allies, beginning on July 28, 1914, and ending on November 11, 1918, with the collapse of the Central Powers. Abbr.: WWI Also called Great War, War of the… … Universalium
Budapest — /booh deuh pest , booh deuh pest /; Hung. /boo do pesht /, n. a city in and the capital of Hungary, in the central part, on the Danube River: formed 1873 from two cities on the W bank of the Danube (Buda and Obuda) and one on the E bank (Pest). 2 … Universalium
Kun, Béla — Kun (ko͞on), Béla. 1886 1939?. Hungarian politician who founded the Hungarian Communist Party (1918) and organized the revolution in Budapest (1919). He briefly served as premier but fled the country during a counterrevolution (1919). * * * ▪… … Universalium