Kuznets, Simon (Smith)

born April 30, 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire
died July 8, 1985, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.

Russian-U.S. economist and statistician.

He immigrated to the U.S. in 1922 and joined the National Bureau of Economic Research in 1927; he later taught at the University of Pennsylvania (1930–54), Johns Hopkins University (1954–60), and Harvard University (1960–71). His work emphasized the complexity of underlying data in the construction of economic models, stressing the need for information on population structure, technology, labour quality, government structure, trade, and markets. He also described the existence of cyclical variations in growth rates (now called "Kuznets cycles") and their links with underlying factors such as population. In 1971 he received the Nobel Prize.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kuznets, Simon (Smith) — (30 abr. 1901, Járkov, Ucrania, Imperio Ruso–8 jul. 1985, Cambridge, Mass., EE.UU.). Economista y estadístico rusoestadounidense. Emigró a EE.UU. en 1922 y se incorporó a la Oficina nacional de investigación económica en 1927. Posteriormente, fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Simon Smith Kuznets — (russisch Семён Абрамович Кузнец, Semjon Abramowitsch Kusnez; * 17. Apriljul./ 30. April 1901greg. in Pinsk, Russisches Kaiserreich; † 8. Juli 1985 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Ökonom russisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kuznets, Simon — ▪ American economist and statistician in full  Simon Smith Kuznets  born April 30 [April 17, Old Style], 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine] died July 8, 1985, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.       Russian born American… …   Universalium

  • Wirtschaftsnobelpreis 1971: Simon Smith Kuznets —   Der Amerikaner erhielt den Nobelpreis für »seine Erklärungen von wirtschaftlichem Wachstum, die zu neuen Einsichten in wirtschaftliche und soziale Strukturen sowie zu Entwicklungsprozessen führten«.    Biografie   Simon Smith Kuznets, * Charkow …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Smith — Smith, Adam Smith, George Smith, Hamilton O. Smith, Ian Douglas Smith, John Smith, Joseph Smith, Theobald Smith, William * * * (as used in expressions) Abigail Smi …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • smith — /smith/, n. 1. a worker in metal. 2. a blacksmith. v.t. 3. to forge on an anvil; form by heating and pounding: to smith armor. [bef. 900; (n.) ME, OE; c. G Schmied, ON smithr, Goth smitha; (v.) ME smithen, OE smithian; c. ON smitha, Goth… …   Universalium

  • Smith — /smith/, n. 1. Adam, 1723 90, Scottish economist. 2. Alfred E(manuel), 1873 1944, U.S. political leader. 3. Bessie, 1894? 1937, U.S. singer. 4. Charles Henry ( Bill Arp ), 1826 1903, U.S. humorist. 5 …   Universalium

  • Simon — /suy meuhn/; Fr. /see mawonn / for 7, n. 1. the original name of the apostle Peter. Cf. Peter. 2. Simon the Zealot, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4. 3. the Canaanite, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15. 4. a… …   Universalium

  • Simón — (De coche de don Simón, nombre que hace referencia a un alquilador de coches madrileño.) ► sustantivo masculino Antiguo coche de caballos de alquiler. * * * simón (de «coche de Don Simón», por referencia a un alquilador de coches) adj. y n. m. Se …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Simon Kuznets — Simon Smith Kuznets (* 30. April 1901 in Charkiw, Ukraine; † 8. Juli 1985 in Cambridge) war ein US amerikanischer Ökonom. Er erhielt 1971 den Preis für Wirtschaftswissenschaften der schwedischen Reichsbank in Gedenken an Alfred Nobel (als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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