Koch, (Heinrich Hermann) Robert

born Dec. 11, 1843, Clausthal, Hannover
died May 27, 1910, Baden-Baden, Ger.

German physician.

As the first to isolate the anthrax bacillus, observe its life cycle, and develop a preventive inoculation for it, he was the first to prove a causal relationship between a bacillus and a disease. He perfected pure-culture techniques, based on Louis Pasteur's concept. He isolated the tuberculosis organism and established its role in the disease (1882). In 1883 he discovered the causal organism for cholera and how it is transmitted and also developed a vaccination for rinderpest. Koch's postulates remain fundamental to pathology: the organism should always be found in sick animals and never in healthy ones; it must be grown in pure culture; the cultured organism must make a healthy animal sick; and it must be reisolated from the newly sick animal and recultured and still be the same. Awarded a Nobel Prize in 1905, he is considered a founder of bacteriology.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Koch , (Heinrich Hermann) Robert — (1843–1910) German bacteriologist Born the son of a mining official in Klausthal, Germany, Koch studied medicine at the University of Göttingen where he was a pupil of Jacob Henle. After graduating in 1866 and serving in the Franco–Prussian War,… …   Scientists

  • Koch, (Heinrich Hermann) Robert — (11 dic. 1843, Clausthal, Hannover–27 may. 1910, Baden Baden, Alemania). Médico alemán. Fue el primero en aislar el bacilo del ántrax, observar su ciclo vital y desarrollar una inoculación preventiva contra él, y también el primero en demostrar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch — Robert Koch Kochs Unterschrift Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (* 11. Dezember 1843 in Clausthal; † 27. Mai 1910 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann — Hermann, Ludimar * * * (as used in expressions) Boerhaave, Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Hermann Fischer, Emil (Hermann) Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring, Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink, Bernard (Johann Hermann) Helmholtz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinrich — /huyn rik/; Ger. /huyn rddikh/, n. a male given name, Germanic form of Henry. * * * (as used in expressions) Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff Johann Heinrich count von Böll Heinrich Theodor Boveri Theodor Heinrich Brauchitsch Heinrich Alfred… …   Universalium

  • Hermann — (as used in expressions) Boerhaave Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch Hermann Ebbinghaus Hermann Fischer Emil Hermann Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink Bernard Johann Hermann Helmholtz Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von… …   Universalium

  • Heinrich — (as used in expressions) Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich, conde von Böll, Heinrich (Theodor) Boveri, Theodor Heinrich Brauchitsch, (Heinrich Alfred) Walther von Brüning, Heinrich Brunner, (Heinrich) Emil Bülow, Bernhard… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Robert — (as used in expressions) Adam, Robert Aldrich, Robert Altman, Robert (B.) Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baden Powell (de Gilwell), Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1 barón Bakewell, Robert Baldwin, Robert Ballard Robert D(uane) Bly, Robert (Elwood) Borden,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Koch — Kochs Unterschrift Robert Koch (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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