- Volcanic island group, South Pacific Ocean.Located northeast of Auckland, N.Z., it includes Raoul, Macauley, and Curtis islands and l'Esperance Rock, and it has a total land area of 13 sq mi (34 sq km). Explored in the late 18th century by the British and the French, the islands were annexed to New Zealand in 1887. A meteorological communications station was built on Raoul, the largest island, in 1937, but permanent settlement is discouraged.
* * *▪ islands, New Zealandvolcanic island group in the South Pacific Ocean, 600 mi (1,000 km) northeast of Auckland, New Zealand; they are a dependency of New Zealand. They include Raoul (Sunday), Macauley, and Curtis islands and l'Esperance Rock and have a total land area of 13 sq mi (34 sq km). Raoul, the largest (11.3 sq mi), has rugged coastal cliffs that rise to Mt. Mumukai (1,723 ft [525 m]). It is heavily wooded and fertile, but its indigenous flora and fauna have been adversely affected by the introduction of cats, rats, and goats. Raoul enjoys a mild climate and receives 57 in. (1,450 mm) of rainfall annually, some of which forms lagoons. Lying at the western edge of the Kermadec Trench, the group is frequently shaken by earth tremors.Curtis and Macauley were discovered (1788) by the crew of the British ship “Lady Penrhyn.” The others were found (1793) by the French navigator Joseph d'Entrecasteaux, who named the entire group after one of his ships. The first Europeans who settled there (1837) sold garden crops to passing whalers, but they were forced to leave by a volcanic eruption in 1872; the islands were resettled in 1878 but were evacuated at the beginning of World War I. The group was annexed to New Zealand in 1887. A meteorological–communications station, established on Raoul in 1937, remains, but permanent settlement is discouraged by the extreme isolation of the group.
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Kermadec Islands — since 1887.The islands lie within 29° to 31.5° south latitude and 178° to 179° west longitude, 800 ndash; 1000 km northeast of New Zealand s North Island, and a similar distance southwest of Tonga. The centre of the Kermadec Islands group is… … Wikipedia
Kermadec Islands — Satellitenaufnahme der Insel Raoul Karte der Inselgruppe Die Kermadecinseln oder Kermadec Islands sind eine Inselkette aus einigen kleinen Inseln im südwestlichen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kermadec Islands — geographical name islands SW Pacific NE of New Zealand, belonging to New Zealand area 13 square miles (34 square kilometers), population 9 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Kermadec Islands — /kɜmədɛk ˈaɪləndz/ (say kermuhdek uyluhndz) plural noun a group of islands lying about 1000 km north east of NZ; a NZ possession. 34 km2 … Australian English dictionary
Kermadec Islands — … Useful english dictionary
Curtis Island (Kermadec Islands) — Curtis Island is an island in the southwest Pacific (located at coord|30|33|S|178|34|W|). It is a volcanic island with an elevation of 130 m and an area of 0.6 km². Together with neighboring Cheeseman Island it belongs to the Kermadec Islands.… … Wikipedia
Kermadec Red-crowned Parakeet — Illustration by Keulemans, 1891 Scientific classification Kingdom … Wikipedia
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Kermadec-Inseln — Satellitenaufnahme der Insel Raoul Karte der Inselgruppe Die Kermadecinseln oder Kermadec Islands sind eine Inselkette aus einigen kleinen Inseln im südwestlichen … Deutsch Wikipedia
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