Kardelj, Edvard

born Jan. 27, 1910, Ljubljana, Slvn., Austria-Hungary
died Feb. 10, 1979, Ljubljana

Yugoslav revolutionary and administrator.

He joined the outlawed Communist Party in 1926, was imprisoned from 1930 to 1932, and fled to the Soviet Union in 1934. Returning to Yugoslavia in 1937, he helped organize resistance to the German occupation in World War II and joined Tito in much of the Partisans' fighting. In 1946 he drew up the Soviet-inspired constitution after Tito became premier, and he directed the creation of all succeeding constitutions. He was the main architect of socialist self-management, which distinguished Yugoslavia's political and economic system from the Soviet system. In foreign affairs, he pioneered the concept of Yugoslav nonalignment.

* * *

▪ Yugoslavian revolutionary
born Jan. 27, 1910, Ljubljana, Austro-Hungarian Empire [now in Slovenia]
died Feb. 10, 1979, Ljubljana, Socialist Republic of Slovenia, Yugos.

      Yugoslav revolutionary and politician, a close colleague and chosen successor of Josip Broz Tito (Tito, Josip Broz). He was the chief ideological theoretician of Yugoslav Marxism, or Titoism.

      The son of a railroad worker, Kardelj graduated from the Ljubljana Teachers' College. From the age of 16 he was a member of the outlawed Communist Party, initially in its youth league. He was imprisoned (1930–32) for his trade-union and party activities, and in 1934 he fled into exile, eventually making his way from Czechoslovakia to the Soviet Union, where he received indoctrination in underground methods. It was in 1934, prior to his leaving, that Kardelj first met Tito. Back in Yugoslavia from 1937 on, he was arrested several times and imprisoned.

      After the German occupation of Yugoslavia (1941), Kardelj helped organize the resistance front in Slovenia and thereafter accompanied Tito in much of the Partisans' fighting. After the war he served as vice president (1945–53) under Tito, and he drew up (1946) the Soviet-inspired federal constitution of Yugoslavia. He became one of the country's major theoreticians and legalists, directing the creation of all the succeeding constitutions of 1953, 1963, and 1974. His ideas strongly influenced subsequent political developments, especially those concerning the nature of national identity and the constitutional position of national minorities, in Yugoslavia and the post-Yugoslav states.

      Over the years Kardelj handled many foreign missions and tasks as well, though he officially held the post of foreign minister only from 1948 to 1953. Throughout, he was a key figure in the collective leadership of the Yugoslav Communist Party, known as the League of Communists. Kardelj was the main architect of a theory known as socialist self-management, which served as the basis of Yugoslavia's political and economic system and distinguished it from the Soviet system. In foreign affairs he pioneered the concept of nonalignment for Yugoslavia between the West and the Soviet Union.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kardelj, Edvard — (1910–1979)    A leading politician and theoretician in communist Yugoslavia, Kardelj cooperated closely with Milovan Djilas and Josef Tito. He worked as a schoolteacher and was imprisoned as a communist during the dictatorship of Alexander I.… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Kardelj, Edvard — ► (1910 79) Político yugoslavo. Fue miembro del Consejo Ejecutivo del presidium de la Liga Comunista de Yugoslavia en 1969. * * * (27 ene. 1910, Ljubljana, Eslovenia, Austria Hungría–10 feb. 1979, Ljubljana). Revolucionario y administrador… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kardelj — Kardelj, Edvard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kardelj — Edvard Kardelj (* 27. Januar 1910 in Ljubljana; † 10. Februar 1979 ebenda) war ein jugoslawischer Politiker. Kardelj arbeitete zuerst als Lehrer und trat in den 1930er Jahren in die Kommunistische Partei Jugoslawiens ein. 1940 wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kardelj — Kardelj,   Edvard, jugoslawischer Politiker, * Laibach (heute Ljubljana) 27. 1. 1910, ✝ ebenda 10. 2. 1979; Slowene; Absolvent eines Lehrerseminars, seit 1928 Mitglied der KP (1930 32 in Haft, 1934 37 im Exil, v. a. in der UdSSR), seit 1937 als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kardelj — Kàrdelj, Edvard (1910 1979) DEFINICIJA slov. političar, od 1937. do kraja života u najužem rukovodstvu KPJ (SKJ), jedan od najbližih suradnika J. Broza Tita, od 1944. neprekidno u najvišim državnim tijelima Jugoslavije (ministar u vladama,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Edvard — (as used in expressions) Benes Edvard Grieg Edvard Hagerup Kardelj Edvard Munch Edvard * * * …   Universalium

  • Edvard — (as used in expressions) Benes, Edvard Grieg, Edvard (Hagerup) Kardelj, Edvard Munch, Edvard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edvard Kardelj — (January 27, 1910 February 10, 1979) also known under the pseudonyms Sperans and Krištof was a Slovene communist political leader, economist, partisan, and publicist. Early years Kardelj was born in Ljubljana. At the age of 16 he joined the… …   Wikipedia

  • Edvard Kardelj — (* 27. Januar 1910 in Ljubljana; † 10. Februar 1979 ebenda) war ein jugoslawischer Politiker. Kardelj arbeitete zuerst als Lehrer und trat in den 1930er Jahren in die Kommunistische Partei Jugoslawiens ein. 1940 wurde er Politbüromitglied und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.