Kachin

Any member of a group of tribal peoples occupying parts of northeastern Myanmar and contiguous areas of India (Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland) and China (Yunnan).

Numbering more than 700,000, they speak a variety of languages of the Tibeto-Burman group of Sino-Tibetan languages. Traditional Kachin society largely subsisted on the shifting cultivation of hill rice, supplemented by the proceeds of banditry and feudal warfare. The traditional Kachin religion is a form of animistic ancestor cult entailing animal sacrifice.

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people
      tribal peoples occupying parts of northeastern Myanmar (Burma) and contiguous areas of India (Arunachal Pradesh and Nāgāland) and China (Yunnan). The greatest number of Kachin live in Myanmar (roughly 590,000), but some 120,000 live in China and a few thousand in India. Numbering about 712,000 in the late 20th century, they speak a variety of languages of the Tibeto-Burman group and are thereby distinguished as Jinghpaw, or Jingpo (Chingpaw [Ching-p'o], Singhpo), Atsi, Maru (Naingvaw), Lashi, Nung (Rawang), and Lisu (Yawyin). The majority of Kachin are Jinghpaw speakers, and Jinghpaw is one of the officially recognized minority languages of China. Under the British regime (1885–1947), most Kachin territory was specially administered as a frontier region, but most of the area inhabited by the Kachin became after Burmese independence a distinct semiautonomous unit within the country.

      Traditional Kachin society largely subsisted on the shifting cultivation of hill rice, supplemented by the proceeds of banditry and feud warfare. Political authority in most areas lay with petty chieftains who depended upon the support of their immediate patrilineal kinsmen and their affinal relatives. The Kachin live in mountainous country at a low population density, but Kachin territory also includes small areas of fertile valley land inhabited by other peoples of Myanmar. The traditional Kachin religion is a form of animistic ancestor cult entailing animal sacrifice. About 10 percent of the Kachin are Christian.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KACHIN — KACHI Appellation d’origine birmane qui désigne une population tribale occupant le nord est de la Birmanie (où ils sont 400 000 environ) et les aires contiguës de l’Inde et de la Chine (100 000 environ). Les Kachin se différencient par les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kachin — may refer to: #An ethnic group, in Burma known as Kachin (or Jingpaw), in China (Yunnan) known as Jingpo. in India (Arunachal) known as Singpho #The Jingpho language is sometimes referred to as Kachin #The Nhpaw or Jinghpaw is sometimes referred… …   Wikipedia

  • Kachin — puede referirse a: El grupo étnico Kachin, también llamado Jingpo. El Estado Kachin, una subdivisión de Myanmar donde esta etnia es mayoritaria. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kachin — (Katschin) kann bedeuten ein Volk, das im Bergland des oberen Birma (Myanmar) und in der Provinz Yunnan der VR China lebt, siehe Jingpo; den Teilstaat im oberen Birma, siehe Kachin Staat; eine sinotibetische Sprache, siehe Jingpho (Sprache); eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kachin — Jingpo Le peuple Jingpo ou Kachin; (Chinois : 景颇族 pinyin : Jǐngpōzú; ou Tsaiva ou Lechi) est un groupe ethnique, d une population estimée à 450 000 individus, qui vit principalement dans le nord de la Birmanie (État de Kachin). Ils …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kachin — ► Estado del norte de Birmania; 87 808 km2 y 903 982 h. Cap., Myithyina. * * * Miembro de un grupo de pueblos tribales que habitan en algunas zonas del nordeste de Myanmar y en zonas adyacentes de India (Arunachal Pradesh y Nagaland) y China… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kachin — Kạchin   [ tʃ ], Katschin, Chingpo [tʃ ], mongolides Volk in Nordbirma, v. a. im Kachin und im Shanstaat (einschließlich der wohl verwandten Atsi, Lashi und Maru etwa 500 000 Angehörige), sowie im Westen der chinesischen Provinz Yunnan (100 000) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kachin — [ katʃɪn] noun 1》 a member of a people living in northern Burma (Myanmar) and adjacent parts of China and India. 2》 the Tibeto Burman language of the Kachin people. Origin from Burmese …   English new terms dictionary

  • Kachin — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Kachin Country and Admin Code MM.04 MM …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Kachin — ISO 639 3 Code : kac ISO 639 2/B Code : kac ISO 639 2/T Code : kac ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

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