Judd, Donald

born June 3, 1928, Excelsior Springs, Mo., U.S.
died Feb. 12, 1994, New York, N.Y.

U.S. sculptor.

He studied at Columbia University and the Art Students League. He had his first one-man exhibition in 1957. In 1959 he began writing reviews for Art News and Arts Magazine. In 1960–62 he made the transition from painting to sculpture and became a leading exponent of Minimalism. Much of his work consists of simple cubes or other geometric units that stand on the floor or are cantilevered from the wall, often in stacks or horizontal progressions. His materials included painted steel, Plexiglas, iron, wood, and concrete. In the 1970s he began to fill the land around his studio in Marfa, Texas, with large-scale sculptures; this area is now a museum.

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▪ American artist and critic
in full  Donald Clarence Judd 
born June 3, 1928, Excelsior Springs, Mo., U.S.
died Feb. 12, 1994, New York, N.Y.

      American artist and critic associated with minimalism. Credited as minimalism's principal spokesman, Judd wrote what is considered to be one of the most significant texts of the movement, "Specific Objects" (1965). The article laid out the minimalist platform of stressing the physical, phenomenological experience of objects rather than representing any metaphysical or metaphoric symbolism. Judd's sculpture was based almost exclusively on the box form—either alone or in series, on the wall or on the floor—and his artworks varied only in colour, material, scale, proportion, and number. Like other minimalists of his generation, Judd was preoccupied with the use of industrial materials and their placement in specific arrangements and sites.

      Judd attended the Art Students League in New York City from 1948 to 1953 and then Columbia University, where in 1953 he graduated cum laude with a B.S. in philosophy. From 1959 to 1965 he wrote art criticism for several American art magazines. Interested in the scale and physicality of the reigning Abstract Expressionists (Abstract Expressionism), Judd began his work as an artist by painting. Though he retained a lifelong interest in the aesthetics of painting, in 1962 he abandoned the medium as too illusionistic and turned to relief sculpture and then freestanding work. He worked with industrial materials such as transparent coloured plastics and anodized aluminum, and he had much of his work industrially fabricated to obtain a perfect finish and remove all association with craftsmanship. After 1980 his sculptures began to take up more space and became more complex; some of his modular units achieved a length of 80 feet (24 metres). In 1981 he moved to West Texas, where in 1986 he opened a contemporary art museum, the Chinati Foundation, in the town of Marfa. The 340-acre (138-hectare) site features permanent installations by Judd and a number of other artists, including Dan Flavin (Flavin, Dan), John Chamberlain (Chamberlain, John), Carl Andre (Andre, Carl), Ingólfur Arnarsson, Roni Horn, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, Claes Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Claes) and Coosje van Bruggen, David Rabinowitch, and John Wesley.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Donald — /don ld/, n. a male given name: from Celtic words meaning world and power. * * * (as used in expressions) Barthelme Donald Budge John Donald Glaser Donald Arthur Judd Donald Knuth Donald Ervin Shula Donald Francis Trump Donald John * * * …   Universalium

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  • Donald Judd — Donald Clarence Judd (* 3. Juni 1928 in Excelsior Springs, Missouri; † 12. Februar 1994 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt. Er gilt neben Robert Morris (* 1931) und Sol LeWitt (1928–2007) als einer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Judd — is a family name and a given name. Notable people with the family name include: *The Reverend Bernard Judd (1918 1999), Anglican minister in Sydney, Australia *Catherine Judd, former President of the ACT New Zealand political party *Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Donald M. Fraser — January 1977, Congressional Photo United States House of Representatives In office 1963–1979 …   Wikipedia

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