Joachim, Joseph

born June 28, 1831, Kittsee, near Pressburg, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 15, 1907, Berlin, German Empire

Austro-Hungarian violinist.

A prodigy, he began study as a child in Pest, continuing later in Vienna and Leipzig, where he was associated with Felix Mendelssohn. He was concertmaster at Weimar under Franz Liszt (1850–52), but their tastes in music diverged radically. He became close to Johannes Brahms, who sought Joachim's advice about his violin concerto. Joachim wrote cadenzas that are still used for a number of concertos. As the longtime head of Berlin's Hochschule (1868–1905), he developed it into a first-rank conservatory.

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▪ Hungarian violinist
born June 28, 1831, Kittsee, near Pressburg, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 15, 1907, Berlin

      Hungarian violinist known for his masterful technique and his interpretations of works of Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven.

      Joachim first studied at Budapest, and at age seven he appeared with his teacher S. Serwaczyński. In 1844 he visited London, where he was sponsored by Mendelssohn and achieved an outstanding success. In 1849 he led the orchestra at Weimar, and in 1853, the orchestra at Hannover. In 1868 he became director of the Hochschule für Ausübende Tonkunst (Berlin), where he acquired a reputation as a fine teacher, attracting pupils from all of Europe. In 1869 he founded the Joachim Quartet, which became renowned for its performances of the late string quartets of Beethoven.

      In his playing, Joachim subordinated technical virtuosity to aesthetic values, and he thus brought about a reform in program making that turned away from the spectacular. His close friend Johannes Brahms consulted with him on his violin concerto and dedicated it to him, and Schumann's Phantasy for Violin and Orchestra was written for him. Joachim's own compositions, influenced by Brahms and Schumann, comprise chiefly works for the violin, notably the Hungarian Concerto in D Minor.

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Universalium. 2010.

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