Jassy, Treaty of

(Jan. 9, 1792) Pact signed at Jassy in Moldavia (modern Iaşi, Rom.), at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish Wars.

The treaty confirmed Russian dominance in the Black Sea by advancing the Russian frontier to the Dniester River. It also restored Bessarabia, Moldavia, and Walachia to the Ottoman Turks.

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▪ 1792
      (Jan. 9, 1792), pact signed at Jassy in Moldavia (modern Iaşi, Romania), at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish wars) of 1787–92; it confirmed Russian dominance in the Black Sea.

      The Russian empress Catherine II the Great had entered the war envisioning a partition of the Ottoman Empire between Russia and Austria and a revival of the (Greek) Byzantine Empire in Istanbul. Her plan failed, however, because of Austria's withdrawal from the war (Peace of Sistova, August 1791) and a lack of organized and massive support from Balkan Christians. The Treaty of Jassy confirmed the earlier Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (1774) between the two states; it advanced the Russian frontier to the Dniester River, including the fortress of Ochakov, and restored Bessarabia, Moldavia, and Walachia to the Ottomans.

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Universalium. 2010.

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