Jaspers, Karl (Theodor)

born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger.
died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz.

German-Swiss philosopher and psychiatrist.

As a research psychiatrist, he helped establish psychopathology on a rigorous, scientifically descriptive basis, especially in his General Psychopathology (1913). He taught philosophy at the University of Heidelberg from 1921 until 1937, when the Nazi regime forbade him to work. From 1948 he lived in Switzerland, teaching at the University of Basel. In his magnum opus, Philosophy (3 vol., 1969), he argued that the aim of philosophy is practical; its purpose is the fulfillment of human existence (Existenz). For Jaspers, philosophical illumination is achieved in the experience of limit situations, such as conflict, guilt, and suffering, that define the human condition. In its confrontation with these extremes mankind achieves its existential humanity. He is one of the most important figures of existentialism.

Karl Jaspers, 1968.

Horst Tappe

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jaspers,Karl Theodor — Jas·pers (yäsʹpərs), Karl Theodor. 1883 1969. German psychiatrist, philosopher, and theologian. A founder of modern existentialism, he was concerned with human reactions to extreme situations. His works include Man and the Modern Age (1931) and… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl Theodor — (1883 1969)    The most famous German existentialist after Heidegger, Jaspers, who started out in medicine before turning to philosophy, distanced himself from his illustrious predecessor. His magnum opus was the three volume Philosophy (1932),… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Jaspers, Karl (Theodor) — (23 feb. 1883, Oldenburgo, Alemania–26 1969, Basilea, Suiza). Filósofo y psiquiatra alemán. Como psiquiatra investigador, contribuyó a establecer la psicopatología sobre una base rigurosa, científicamente descriptiva, en especial su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaspers, Karl — ▪ German philosopher Introduction in full  Karl Theodor Jaspers  born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz.  German philosopher, one of the most important Existentialists in Germany, who approached the subject from man… …   Universalium

  • Karl Theodor Jaspers — noun German psychiatrist (1883 1969) • Syn: ↑Jaspers, ↑Karl Jaspers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑psychiatrist, ↑head shrinker, ↑shrink …   Useful english dictionary

  • Karl Jaspers — Karl Theodor Jaspers (* 23. Februar 1883 in Oldenburg; † 26. Februar 1969 in Basel) war ein deutscher Psychiater, der als Philosoph weit über Deutschland hinaus bekannt wurde. Er wurde 1967 Schweizer Staatsbürger. Jaspers gilt als herausragender… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Jaspers — Karl Jaspers. Karl Theodor Jaspers (Oldenburg, 23 de febrero de 1883 –Basilea, 26 de febrero de 1969), psiquiatra alemán y filósofo, tuvo una fuerte influencia en la teología, en la psiquiatría y en la filosofía modernas. No disfrutaba del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Theodor — (as used in expressions) Adorno Theodor Wiesengrund Billroth Christian Albert Theodor Böll Heinrich Theodor Boveri Theodor Heinrich Dreyer Carl Theodor Fechner Gustav Theodor Fontane Theodor Geiger Theodor Julius Geisel Theodor Seuss Herzl… …   Universalium

  • Theodor — (as used in expressions) Adorno, Theodor (Wiesengrund) Billroth, (Christian Albert) Theodor Böll, Heinrich (Theodor) Boveri, Theodor Heinrich Dreyer, Carl Theodor Fechner, Gustav Theodor Fontane, Theodor Geiger, Theodor Julius Geisel, Theodor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Karl Marx Stadt Abraham Karl Baedeker Karl Baer Karl Ernst knight von Barth Karl Benz Karl Friedrich Böhm Karl Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm Bruch Max Karl August Brugmann… …   Universalium

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