died Aug. 3, 1940, near Hunter, N.Y., U.S.Russian Zionist leader and founder of the Zionist Revisionist movement.He became a popular journalist and editorialist and by 1903 was expounding Zionism. In 1920 he organized and led Hagana, a Jewish militia. A Revisionist Zionist, he passionately advocated a Jewish state in an area both west and east of the Jordan River. See also Irgun Zvai Leumi.
* * *▪ Zionist leaderborn 1880, Odessa, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine]died Aug. 3, 1940, near Hunter, N.Y., U.S.Zionist leader, journalist, orator, and man of letters who founded the militant Zionist Revisionist movement that played an important role in the establishment of the State of Israel.Jabotinsky began his career in 1898 as a foreign correspondent, but his popularity as a journalist led to his recall to Odessa in 1901 as an editorial writer. By 1903 Jabotinsky began to expound Zionist views for the restoration and creation of a Jewish national state in Palestine both in his writings and in his oratory, of which he was a master. During the next decade, he continued to work as a journalist while traveling in Europe and crystallizing his Zionist views, which tended to be uncompromising and political, rather than cultural.During World War I, he was convinced that the Ottoman Empire, then the ruling power in Palestine, would fall and that in this vacuum the Jews could colonize Palestine if they had demonstrated service to the Allies. He thus convinced the British government to allow military participation by Jewish refugees from the Ottoman Empire.In 1920 Jabotinsky organized and led a Jewish self-defense movement ( Haganah) against the Arabs in Palestine. The British, who then ruled the country, sentenced him to 15 years at hard labour, but this action provoked such an outcry that he was soon reprieved. In the 1920s he was active in many international Zionist organizations, including the World Union of Zionist Revisionists in 1925.Testifying before the British Royal Commission on Palestine, Jabotinsky gave an impassioned expression of his Revisionist views. The source of Jewish suffering was not merely anti-Semitism, he said, but the Diaspora (dispersion) itself; the Jews were a stateless people. Assigning cultural Zionism a relatively low priority, he advocated the creation of a Palestinian Jewish state on both sides of the Jordan, with continued Jewish immigration to achieve a Jewish majority there, and employment of Jewish troops for self-defense as part of the permanent garrison. In 1940, while in the United States to visit Betar, the youth organization of the Zionist Revisionist Party, Jabotinsky died of a heart attack. His followers, who had already founded the Irgun Zvai Leumi terrorist group, active in Palestine in the 1940s, later founded the Israeli Ḥerut Party.
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JABOTINSKY, VLADIMIR — (Ze ev; 1880–1940), Zionist activist, soldier, orator, writer and poet; founder of the jewish legion during World War I. Jabotinsky greatly influenced a large section of the Jewish people and as head of the betar movement was the undisputed… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Jabotinsky, Vladimir (Ze’ev) — (1880–1940) Zionist leader and founder of the Revisionist movement. Jabotinsky was the most controversial figure in the pre State Zionist movement. He was gifted in exposition, bold and imaginative in his ideas, and had great energy and charm … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Jabotinsky, Vladimir Ze'ev — (1880 1940) Born in Odessa, Russia, Jabotinsky was the founder of the World Union of Zionist Revisionists in 1925, which later branched off into the New Zionist Organization. The union advocated the establishment of a Jewish state, increased… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Jabotinsky, Vladimir — (1880 1940) Russian Zionist leader, soldier and writer. Born in Odessa, he first worked as a foreign correspondent in Berne and Rome. After returning to Odessa, he formed a Jewish self defence group there. During World War I he advocated the… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Jabotinsky, Vladimir — (1880, Odesa, Imperio ruso–3 ago. 1940, cerca de Hunter, N.Y., EE.UU.). Líder sionista ruso y fundador del movimiento sionista revisionista. Se convirtió en un conocido periodista y editorialista, y en 1903 ya exponía sobre el sionismo. En 1920… … Enciclopedia Universal
Jabotinsky — Vladimir Jabotinsky Zeev Vladimir Jabotinsky Zeev Vladimir Jabotinsky (Жаботинский, Владимир Евгеньевич, Jabotinsky Vladimir Evgenevich), né en Ukraine le 18 octobre 1880 et décédé le 4 août 1940, était un leader de l aile droite du mouvement… … Wikipédia en Français
Vladimir Jabotinsky — Zeev Vladimir Jabotinsky Zeev Vladimir Jabotinsky (Жаботинский, Владимир Евгеньевич, Jabotinsky Vladimir Evgenevich), né en Ukraine le 18 octobre 1880 et décédé le 4 août 1940, était un leader de l aile droite du mouvement sioniste et le… … Wikipédia en Français
Vladimir — /vlad euh mear /; Russ. /vlu dyee mirdd/, n. 1. Saint. Also, Vladimir I, Wladimir. (Vladimir the Great)A.D. c956 1015, first Christian grand prince of Russia 980 1015. 2. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, E of Moscow. 343,000. 3. a… … Universalium
Vladimir — ► C. de Rusia, cap. de la prov. homónima, junto al río Kljazma, al NE de Moscú; 350 000 h. Ind. textil, química, mecánica y alimentaria. * * * (as used in expressions) Bechterev, Vladimir (Mijáilovich) Horowitz, Vladimir Jabotinsky, Vladimir… … Enciclopedia Universal
Vladimir Jabotinsky — Wladimir Zeev Jabotinsky Wladimir Zeev Jabotinsky (hebräisch: זאב ז בוטינסקי, russisch: Владимир (Зеэв) Евгеньевич Жаботинский; * 18. Oktober 1880 in Odessa; † 8. August 1940 in Hunter, USA) war ein führender … Deutsch Wikipedia