Issus, Battle of
(333 BC) Battle on the Issus plain near the Gulf of Iskenderun (in present-day southern Turkey) in which Alexander the Great, on the offensive, defeated Darius III, last king of the Achaemenian dynasty.The Macedonians were said to have lost only 450 men. Darius escaped, but the victory led to Alexander's victories over Phoenicia and Egypt.
* * *▪ Persian history(333 BC), conflict early in Alexander the Great's (Alexander the Great) invasion of Asia in which he defeated a Persian army under King Darius III. This was one of the decisive victories by which Alexander conquered the Achaemenian Empire. Issus is a plain on the coast of the Gulf of İskenderun, in present-day southern Turkey. The Macedonian forces, with an infantry phalanx in the centre and cavalry on the sides, approached the army of Darius, which was drawn up on the opposite bank of the Pinarus River (possibly present-day Yakacık Çayı or Deli Çay). Alexander led the charge across the river, shattering the Persian left wing before turning against the Greek mercenaries who formed the Persian centre. His army in confusion, Darius escaped, but his family was captured. Arrian, Alexander's biographer (2nd century AD), claimed the Macedonians lost only 450 men, with Alexander himself being wounded. Most of the Persians retreated to safety while the Macedonians sacked Darius's camp.
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battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… … Universalium
Battle of Issus (disambiguation) — Battle of Issus may refer to: *Battle of Issus (or The Battle at Issus ) (333 BC), a battle in which Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeated Darius III of Persia. *Battle of Issus (194), the third major battle fought between Roman Emperor… … Wikipedia
Issus (town) — Issus is an ancient settlement on the strategic coastal plain straddling the small Pinarus river (a fast melt water stream several meters wide) below the navigationally difficult inland mountains towering above to the east in the Turkish Province … Wikipedia
Issus — can refer to:* Battle of Issus, in 333 BC, in which Alexander the Great beat Darius III ** Issus (town), an ancient settlement located in the modern Turkish Province of Hatay, near the battle ** Issus (river), the river near the town and… … Wikipedia
Issus — prop. n. A battle (333 BC) in which Alexander the Great defeated the Persians under Darius III. Syn: battle of Issus. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Issus — [is′əs] ancient town in Cilicia, in SE Asia Minor: site of a battle (333 B.C. ) in which Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia … English World dictionary
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