Hull, Isaac


Hull, Isaac
born March 9, 1773, Derby, Conn.
died Feb. 13, 1843, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.

U.S. naval officer.

A nephew of William Hull, he was master of a ship by age 19. He was commissioned a lieutenant aboard the USS Constitution in 1798, becoming its commander in 1810. He distinguished himself in the undeclared naval war with France at that time and in the Tripolitan War (1801–1805). Early in the War of 1812 he engaged the British frigate Guerrière and, after a fierce battle, rendered it a wreck. He was recognized as one of the navy's ablest commanders, and his ship became known as "Old Ironsides." He commanded the U.S. squadrons in the Pacific (1824–27) and in the Mediterranean (1839–41).

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▪ United States naval officer
born March 9, 1773, Derby, Conn. [U.S.]
died Feb. 13, 1843, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.
 American naval commodore noted for the victory of his ship the Constitution over the British frigate Guerrière in the War of 1812 (1812, War of). The victory united the country behind the war effort and destroyed the legend of British naval invincibility.

      Already having been master of a ship at age 19, Hull was commissioned a lieutenant aboard the Constitution in 1798. He distinguished himself in the undeclared naval war with France at that time and in the Tripolitan War (1801–05); he was promoted to captain in 1806 and became commander of the Constitution four years later.

      Encountering a British squadron in July 1812 off Egg Harbor, New Jersey, Hull escaped through consummate seamanship after three days and nights in one of the most remarkable chases in naval history. Sailing eastward of Boston, the Constitution met the Guerrière on August 19. After considerable maneuvering, under fire from the British ship, the American man-of-war delivered its first broadside, within pistol shot range. In fewer than 30 minutes of close and violent action, the Guerrière was demasted and rendered a total wreck. The helpless hulk was burned, and Hull returned to the mainland a hero. He was recognized as one of the navy's ablest commanders, and his ship became known as “Old Ironsides.”

      Relieved of his command at his own request, Hull commanded harbour defenses at New York City and at three navy yards. He was one of the first three members of the Board of Naval Commissioners and commanded the U.S. squadron in the Pacific (1824–27) and the Mediterranean (1839–41).

Additional Reading
Bruce Grant, Isaac Hull: Captain of Old Ironsides (1947); and Linda M. Maloney, The Captain from Connecticut: The Life and Naval Times of Isaac Hull (1986).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hull, Isaac — (9 mar. 1773, Derby, Conn., EE.UU.–13 feb. 1843, Filadelfia, Pa.). Oficial de marina estadounidense. Sobrino de William Hull, a los 19 años ya era patrón de un barco. En 1798 recibió el grado de teniente a bordo del USS Constitution, y llegó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hull — Hull, Clark Leonard Hull, Cordell (Kingston upon Hull) ► C. de Gran Bretaña, en el E de Inglaterra, condado de Humberside, junto al mar del Norte; 246 700 h. Principal puerto pesquero del país. * * * (as used in expressions) Hull, Bobby Robert… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • hull — hull1 huller, n. /hul/, n. 1. the husk, shell, or outer covering of a seed or fruit. 2. the calyx of certain fruits, as the strawberry. 3. any covering or envelope. v.t. 4. to remove the hull of. 5. Midland U.S. to shell (peas or beans). [bef.… …   Universalium

  • Isaac — /uy zeuhk/, n. 1. a son of Abraham and Sarah, and father of Jacob. Gen. 21:1 4. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning laughter. * * * (as used in expressions) Albéniz Isaac Manuel Francisco Alfasi Isaac ben Jacob Asimov Isaac Funk… …   Universalium

  • Hull — /hul/, n. 1. Cordell /kawr del, kawr del /, 1871 1955, U.S. statesman: Secretary of State 1933 44; Nobel peace prize 1945. 2. Robert Marvin (Bobby), born 1939, Canadian ice hockey player. 3. William, 1753 1825, U.S. general. 4. Official name,… …   Universalium

  • Isaac Peral — (Cartagena, June 1, 1851 ndash; May 22, 1895, Berlin), was a Spanish scientist, sailor and inventor of the Peral Submarine (built 1884, launched 1888). Intended for military use, this submarine pioneered new designs in the hull, control systems… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac S. Struble — (* 3. November 1843 bei Fredericksburg, Virginia; † 17. Februar 1913 in Le Mars, Iowa) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1883 und 1891 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Iowa im US Repräsentantenhaus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hull — may refer to: *Kingston upon Hull (invariably abbreviated to Hull), city in England named after the River Hull (Kings town upon Hull, prior to 1299 Wyke upon Hull) ** River Hull, river in East Riding of Yorkshire, England ** Hull City A.F.C.,… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac W. Van Schaick — Isaac Whitbeck Van Schaick (* 7. Dezember 1817 in Coxackie, Greene County, New York; † 22. August 1901 in Catonsville, Maryland) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1885 und 1887 sowie nochmals von 1889 bis 1891 vertrat er den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Hull — Infobox Military Person name= Isaac Hull born= birth date|1773|3|9 died= death date and age|1843|2|13|1773|3|9 caption= Captain Isaac Hull nickname= placeofbirth= Derby, Connecticut placeofdeath= Philadelphia, Pennsylvania allegiance= United… …   Wikipedia


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