Hughes, Sir Samuel

born Jan. 8, 1853, Darlington, Canada West
died Aug. 24, 1921, Lindsay, Ont., Can.

Canadian soldier and politician.

He was proprietor and editor of an Ontario newspaper from 1885 to 1897. He was elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1892, sitting until 1921, except during the South African War (1899–1902), in which he served as a lieutenant colonel. In 1911 he became Canadian minister of militia and defense. At the start of World War I, he organized, trained, and equipped the Canadian Expeditionary Force for service in Europe. He was knighted in 1915.

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▪ Canadian politician, educator, and statesman
born Jan. 8, 1853, Darlington, Canada West
died Aug. 24, 1921, Lindsay, Ont., Can.

      Canadian politician, soldier, educator, journalist, and statesman. He was minister of militia and defense (1911–16) and was responsible for moving Canadian troops to Europe at the beginning of World War I (1914–18).

      Hughes was a teacher and a member of the voluntary militia. In 1885–97 he was proprietor and editor of the Warder, a newspaper in Lindsay. After one unsuccessful attempt, Hughes was elected to the Canadian House of Commons for North Victoria in 1892, sitting until 1921, except during the South African War (1899–1902).

      In 1897 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in command of the 45th Regiment. During the South African War he organized lines of communication in South Africa. He returned to Canada in 1900 and was made a full colonel in 1902.

      Hughes became minister of militia and defense in 1911, and, with the outbreak of war in 1914, he proceeded to organize, train, and equip the Canadian Expeditionary Force for service in Europe. He was overbearing, determined, and stubborn and championed Canadian views in the face of critics at home and in Great Britain. He was knighted in 1915. Hughes resigned from office in 1916 after a disagreement with the prime minister, Sir Robert Laird Borden.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Samuel — /sam yooh euhl/, n. 1. a judge and prophet of Israel. I Sam. 1 3; 8 15. 2. either of two books of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: I Sam., II Sam. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning name of God. * * * I (с 11th century BC) Old… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

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