Howe, James Wong

orig. Wong Tung Jim

born Aug. 28, 1899, Canton, China
died July 12, 1976, Hollywood, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

U.S. cinematographer.

At age five he emigrated with his family from China to the U.S. He worked in Hollywood from 1917 and became a cameraman for Cecil B. DeMille. He developed innovations in lighting in the 1920s and pioneered the use of the wide-angle lens, deep focus, and the handheld camera. His low-key cinematography is seen in such films as Kings Row (1942), Body and Soul (1947), Picnic (1956), The Rose Tattoo (1955, Academy Award), and Hud (1963, Academy Award).

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▪ American cinematographer
original name  Wong Tung Jim  
born Aug. 28, 1899, Canton, China
died July 12, 1976, Hollywood, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

      one of the greatest cinematographers of the American film industry.

      Howe started work in 1917 as assistant cameraman to Cecil B. deMille and in 1922 became chief cameraman for Famous Players. He later worked at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Brothers, Columbia, and RKO, then freelanced after 1948.

      Brought by his parents to the United States at the age of five, he lived in the states of Washington and Oregon until 1916, when he went to southern California. Howe worked on many silent films, exploring all the developments in film, stock, camera mobility, and lighting techniques; then, with the invention of sound, he developed ways to circumvent the restrictions that it imposed on camera movement. He much preferred black and white film, which brought out his dramatic use of light and shade, although his colour work was as exemplary as his black and white; he was at home in a studio or on location, and he was a master of all moods.

      In Transatlantic (1931) Howe pioneered in using a wide-angle lens, deep focus, and ceilinged sets to replicate shipboard claustrophobia. He was one of the first cameramen to use a hand-held camera. He shot the boxing scenes in Body and Soul (1947) while being pushed on roller skates and increased his mobility for He Ran All the Way (1951) by shooting from a wheelchair. Howe won Oscars from the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences for his work on The Rose Tattoo 1955) and Hud (1963).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Howe, James Wong — orig. Wong Tung Jim (28 ago. 1899, Cantón, China–12 jul. 1976, Hollywood, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.). Director de fotografía chino. A la edad de cinco años emigró junto a su familia a EE.UU. En 1917 comenzó a trabajar en Hollywood y llegó a ser… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Wong Howe — Infobox Actor name = James Wong Howe, A.S.C. birthname = Wong Tung Jim birthdate = birth date|1899|8|28 birthplace = Taishan,Guangdong China deathdate = death date and age|1976|7|12|1899|8|28 deathplace = Hollywood, California yearsactive = 1919… …   Wikipedia

  • James Wong Howe — James Wong Howe, eigentlich Wong Tung Jim (chinesisch 黃宗霑 / 黄宗霑 Huáng Zōngzhān, * 28. August 1899 in Guangzhou, China; † 12. Juli 1976 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, Kalifornien), war ein amerikanischer Kameramann. In Filmtiteln… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • James Howe — James Wong Howe James Wong Howe, A.S.C., était un directeur de la photographie et réalisateur américain d origine chinoise, né Wong Tung Jim à Taishan (Province du Guangdong, Chine) le 28 août 1899, décédé à Hollywood (Californie) le 12 juillet… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • howe — /how/, Scot. and North Eng. n. 1. a hole. 2. the hold of a ship. 3. a hollow; dell. adj. 4. hollow. 5. deep. Also, how. [1325 75; ME (north and Scots), alter. of holl; see HOLLOW] * * * (as used in expressi …   Universalium

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