Houphouë t-Boigny, Félix

born Oct. 18, 1905?, Yamoussoukro, French West Africa
died Dec. 7, 1993, Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire

President of Côte d'Ivoire from independence until his death (1960–93).

He worked as a rural doctor and planter before entering politics in the 1940s. In the late 1950s he was a member of France's National Assembly and cabinet and simultaneously president of the territorial assembly and mayor of Abidjan. As president he pursued liberal free-enterprise politics and developed a strong cash-crop economy, cooperating closely with the French. Under his rule Côte d'Ivoire became one of the most prosperous nations in sub-Saharan Africa. His later years were marred by an economic downturn, civil unrest, and criticism of the enormous Roman Catholic basilica that he had built at Yamoussoukro, his birthplace.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Yamoussoukro — /yah meuh s ooh kroh/, n. a city in and the capital of the Ivory Coast, in the S central part. 120,000. * * * Town (pop., 1995 est.: 110,000), capital designate of Côte d Ivoire. From 1960 to 1993 it served as the country s second capital because …   Universalium

  • Yamoussoukro — es la capital oficial de Costa de Marfil desde 1983. A pesar de esto, la mayoría de las oficinas gubernamentales y embajadas extranjeras todavía se queda en Abiyán, que era la antigua capital de Costa de Marfil cuando ésta se independió de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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