Hitler Youth

German Hitler-Jugend

Organization set up by Adolf Hitler in 1933 for educating and training male youths aged 13–18 in Nazi principles.

Under the leadership of Baldur von Schirach (1907–1974), by 1935 it included almost 60% of all German boys, and by 1936 it became a state agency that all young "Aryan" Germans were expected to join. The youths lived a Spartan life of dedication, fellowship, and Nazi conformity, with little parental guidance. A parallel organization, the League of German Girls, trained girls for domestic duties and motherhood.

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▪ Nazi organization
German  Hitlerjugend  
 organization set up by Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf) in 1933 for educating and training male youth in Nazi (National Socialism) principles. Under the leadership of Baldur von Schirach (Schirach, Baldur von), head of all German youth programs, the Hitler Youth included by 1935 almost 60 percent of German boys. On July 1, 1936, it became a state agency that all young “Aryan” Germans were expected to join.

      Upon reaching his 10th birthday, a German boy was registered and investigated (especially for “racial purity”) and, if qualified, inducted into the Deutsches Jungvolk (“German Young People”). At age 13 the youth became eligible for the Hitler Youth, from which he was graduated at age 18. Throughout these years he lived a spartan life of dedication, fellowship, and Nazi conformity, generally with minimum parental guidance. From age 18 he was a member of the Nazi Party and served in the state labour service and the armed forces until at least the age of 21.

      Two leagues also existed for girls. The League of German Girls (Bund Deutscher Mädel) trained girls ages 14 to 18 for comradeship, domestic duties, and motherhood. Jungmädel (“Young Girls”) was an organization for girls ages 10 to 14.

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Universalium. 2010.

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