Hesychius of Alexandria

flourished 5th century AD

Greek scholar and linguist.

He compiled the Alphabetical Collection of All Words, the most complete Greek lexicon known from antiquity. Though preserved only in a 15th-century abridgment by a Venetian editor, it is valued as a basic authority for the dialects and vocabularies of ancient inscriptions and poetry as well as the sacred writings of the Greek Church Fathers (see patristic literature).

* * *

▪ Greek lexicographer
flourished 5th century AD

      author of the most important Greek lexicon known from antiquity, valued as a basic authority for the dialects and vocabularies of ancient inscriptions, poetic text, and the Greek Church Fathers.

      Although nothing is known of his life, Hesychius indicated the comprehensive design of his lexicon in a letter prefacing the work. Entitled Synagōgē pasōn lexeōn kata stoicheion (“Alphabetical Collection of All Words”), the lexicon was based on other accessible specialized lexica dating to the 1st century BC, but Hesychius particularly borrowed from Diogenianus of Heraclea, a 2nd-century-AD language scholar from a Greek colony in what is now southern Italy. Hesychius, however, contributed original glosses interpreting Homeric proverbs, citations from other classical Greek authors, selections from different dialects, and a glossary illustrating the vocabulary of Cyril of Alexandria (Cyril of Alexandria, Saint), the early 5th-century theological spokesman for Greek Orthodoxy. Hesychius's introduction further stated that he included the sources of the rare words listed. The lexicon has been preserved only in a 15th-century abridgement, whose Venetian editor extensively interpolated and disfigured the original manuscript and deleted the sources of the entries, thus reducing the lexicon to a copious glossary. Nevertheless, enough of Hesychius's work remains so that citations from Attic literature preserve the ancient readings for which easier synonyms were later substituted in other extant manuscripts of these writings. Two volumes (alpha to omicron) of a critical edition of Hesychius's lexicon by K. Latte were published in 1953 and 1966, respectively.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hesychius of Alexandria — • Grammarian and lexicographer; of uncertain date, but assigned by most authorities to the later fourth or earlier fifth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hesychius of Alexandria     Hesychius of Alexandria …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hesychius of Alexandria — (῾Ησύχιος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς), a grammarian who flourished probably in the 5th century CE, compiled the richest lexicon of unusual and obscure Greek words that has survived (in a single 15th century manuscript). The work includes approximately 51,000… …   Wikipedia

  • Hesychius — (Greek for calm one ), may refer to:*Hesychius of Alexandria, lexicographer *St. Hesychius of Cazorla, saint, martyr, and bishop *Hesychius of Jerusalem, presbyter and exegete *Hesychius of Sinai, hieromonk and Byzantine author *Hesychius of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandria — /al ig zan dree euh, zahn /, n. 1. Arabic, Al Iskandarîyah. a seaport in N Egypt, in the Nile delta: founded in 332 B.C. by Alexander the Great; ancient center of learning. 2,201,000. 2. a city in NE Virginia, S of the District of Columbia.… …   Universalium

  • Hesychius of Jerusalem — was a Christian presbyter and exegete, probably of the fifth century. [CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07303b.htm|title=Hesychius of Jerusalem] Nothing certain is known as to the dates of his birth and death (433?), or, indeed… …   Wikipedia

  • Hesychius — Hesychĭus, griech. Grammatiker aus Alexandria, verfaßte, wahrscheinlich im 5. Jahrh. n. Chr., ein griech. Lexikon seltener Wörter und Wortformen (Glossen), bearbeitet von Mor. Schmidt (5 Bde., 1857 68) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hesychius Of Jerusalem — ▪ Eastern Orthodox monk died c. 450       priest monk, renowned in the Eastern Church as a theologian, biblical commentator, and preacher. He played a prominent role in the 5th century controversy on the nature of Christ and was acclaimed as… …   Universalium

  • Hesychius — Hesychios (griechisch Ἡσύχιος, latinisiert Hesychius, eingedeutscht Hesych) ist der Name folgender Personen: Hesychios von Alexandria, griechischer Lexikograf Hesychios von Milet, spätantiker Geschichtsschreiber Flavius Asklepiades Hesychius,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hesychius, S. (10) — 10S. Hesychius (Hesychas), Conf. (3. Oct.) Das Geburtsjahr und der Geburtsort dieses hl. Hesychius, welchen die Griechen Hesychas nennen, ist unbekannt; aber das ist gewiß, daß er einer der liebsten und vertrautesten Schüler des hl. Abtes… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Hesychius, S. (13) — 13S. Hesychius, Ep. M. (26. Nov. al. 18. Febr.) Dieser hl. Hesychius war ein Bischof in Aegypten und starb nach dem Mart. Rom. mit mehreren Andern (vgl. S. Faustus37) unter Galerius Maximianus für den Glauben. Als Genossen seines Martyriums… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.