Dynasty of ancient Judaea, descendants of the Maccabee family.The name derives from their ancestor Hasmoneus, but the first of the ruling dynasty was Simon Maccabeus, who became leader of the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid king с 143 BC and, in victory, was made high priest, ruler, and ethnarch of Judaea. The last Hasmonean was deposed and executed in 37 BC by the Romans under Mark Antony.
* * *▪ Judaean dynastyalso spelled Hasmonaean,dynasty of ancient Judaea, descendants of the Maccabee (Maccabees) (q.v.) family. The name derived (according to Josephus, in The Antiquities of the Jews) from the name of their ancestor Hasmoneus (Hasmon), or Asamonaios. In 143 (or 142) BC Simon Maccabeus, son of Mattathias (and brother of Judas Maccabeus), succeeded his brother Jonathan as leader of the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid dynasty. He soon became independent of the Seleucids as high priest, ruler, and ethnarch of Judaea; the offices were hereditary, and Simon thus became the first of the Hasmonean dynasty. He was succeeded by his son John Hyrcanus I, Aristobulus I, Alexander Jannaeus and his widow Salome Alexandra, Aristobulus II, John Hyrcanus II, and the last Hasmonean, Antigonus, who was deposed and executed by the Romans under Mark Antony.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Hasmonean — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Hasmonean Kingdom common name = continent = Asia region = Levant country = era = Hellenistic Age status = Jewish theocracy government type = Jewish theocracy with priestly king year… … Wikipedia
Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… … Wikipedia
dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
DAVID, DYNASTY OF — The genealogy of the House of david as a royal dynasty and as a symbol of hope for future redemption has left its mark on Jewish history throughout the ages. One may distinguish six stages in its development: (a) its origin (until c. 1000… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Antigonus the Hasmonean — Obv: Menorah with Greek insription Basileus Antignus (King Antignus). Rev: Table ( Shulchon ) with Hebrew incription Matisyahu HaKohen (Matisyahu the High Priest). ] Antigonus the Hasmonean was the son of King Aristobulus II of Judea. In 40 BC he … Wikipedia
Herodian Dynasty — The Herodian Dynasty was a Jewish dynasty of Idumean descent, who ruled Iudaea Province between 37 BC AD 92. Origin During the time of the Hasmonean ruler John Hyrcanus, Judea conquered Edom (which the Romans called Idumea) and forced the… … Wikipedia
SIMEON THE HASMONEAN — (called Thassis; d. 134 B.C.E.), the second son of mattathias . The origin of the name Thassis is obscure, and many conjectures have been put forward. Some think it is to be connected with the Hebrew toses (תּוֹסֵס, vigorous ) or tashush… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mezhbizh (Hasidic dynasty) — This article is about the Hasidic dynasty of Mezhbizh, descended from the Baal Shem Tov. For the Mezhbizh branch of Hasidic dynasty of Apt, see Apta (Hasidic dynasty). For the non Hasidic rabbinic dynasty of Mezhbizh, see Rapoport Bick (rabbinic… … Wikipedia
Chernobyl (Hasidic dynasty) — Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky, known by the name of his work as the Meor Einayim ([the] light/brightness [of the [eyes]. The dynasty is named after the Ukrainian town of Chernobyl, where… … Wikipedia
Artaxiad Dynasty — The Artaxiad Dynasty ruled Armenia from 189 BC until their overthrow by the Romans in AD 12. Their realm included Greater Armenia, Sophene and intermittently Lesser Armenia and parts of Mesopotamia. Their main enemies were the Seleucids and the… … Wikipedia