- (baptized Jan. 8, 1720, Stanhill, Lancashire, Eng.died April 22, 1778, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire) British inventor of the spinning jenny.A poor, uneducated spinner and weaver, he is said to have conceived the idea for the machine when he observed a spinning wheel accidentally overturned; as the spindle continued to revolve while upright, he reasoned that many spindles could be so turned, and went on to construct the first machine (patented 1770) with which one person could spin several threads at once.
* * *▪ English inventorHargreaves also spelled Hargravesdied April 22, 1778, Nottinghamshire, Eng.English inventor of the spinning jenny, the first practical application of multiple spinning by a machine. At the time he devised the machine, he was a poor, uneducated spinner and weaver living at Standhill, near Blackburn, Lancashire.About 1764 Hargreaves is said to have conceived the idea for his hand-powered multiple spinning machine when he observed a spinning wheel that had been accidentally overturned by his young daughter Jenny. As the spindle continued to revolve in an upright rather than a horizontal position, Hargreaves reasoned that many spindles could be so turned. He constructed a machine with which one individual could spin several threads at one time. After he began to sell the machines to help support his large family, hand spinners, fearing unemployment, broke into his house and destroyed a number of jennies, causing Hargreaves to move to Nottingham in 1768. With a partner, Thomas James, he built a small mill in which they used the jennies to spin yarn for hosiers. He received a patent for the jenny on July 12, 1770. Until his death he worked at the mill, which proved moderately successful.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Hargreaves, James — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles [br] b. c.1720–1 Oswaldtwistle, near Blackburn, England d. April 1778 Nottingham, England [br] English inventor of the first successful machine to spin more than a couple of yarns of cotton or wool at once. [br] James… … Biographical history of technology
Hargreaves,James — Har·greaves (härʹgrēvz ), James. Died 1778. British inventor of the spinning jenny (c. 1764). He patented his device in 1770. * * * … Universalium
Hargreaves, James — (c. 1776) He invented the spinning jenny, a hand operated device to spin cotton faster. Later, water power (and then steam power) would propel the spinning frames to even faster speeds … Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry
Hargreaves, James — (bautizado el 8 ene. 1720, Stanhill, Lancashire, Inglaterra–22 abr. 1778, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire). Inventor británico de la hiladora mecánica. Modesto hilandero y tejedor sin educación, parece haber concebido su hiladora al presenciar una… … Enciclopedia Universal
HARGREAVES, JAMES — inventor of the spinning jenny, born at Standhill, near Blackburn; was a poor and illiterate weaver when in 1760 he, in conjunction with Robert Peel, brought out a carding machine; in 1766 he invented the spinning jenny, a machine which has… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Hargreaves, James — (c. 1720–1778) English inventor of the spinning jenny … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Hargreaves — is a surname, and may refer to:* Adam Hargreaves, British author of children s books, son of Roger Hargreaves * Alison Hargreaves, British mountain climber * Andrew Raikes Hargreaves, British politician * Andy Hargreaves * Andy Hargreaves… … Wikipedia
James Hargreaves (chemist) — James Hargreaves (May 1834 ndash;4 April 1915) was an English chemist and an inventor.He was born at Hoarstones, Pendle Forest, Lancashire, the eldest child of James Hargreaves, a schoolmaster at Slaithwaite near Marsden. His father moved to… … Wikipedia
James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… … Enciclopedia Universal
James Hargreaves — Infobox Person name = James Hargreaves birth name = birth date = cir 1720 birth place = Stanhill, Blackburn, Lancashire, England death date = death date and age|1778|04|22|1720|01|01 death place = Ippel? death cause = resting place = residence =… … Wikipedia