Hall, Charles Martin

born Dec. 6, 1863, Thompson, Ohio, U.S.
died Dec. 27, 1914, Daytona Beach, Fla.

U.S. chemist.

He attended Oberlin College, where, soon after graduating in 1885, he discovered the method of producing aluminum by electrolysis (simultaneously with Paul Héroult), an innovation that brought the metal into wide commercial use. Supported by the Mellon family, he formed the Pittsburgh Reduction Co. (later Alcoa). The need for cheap and plentiful power led the company to Niagara Falls, where in 1895 it became the first customer for Niagara's new power plant.

* * *

▪ American chemist
born Dec. 6, 1863, Thompson, Ohio, U.S.
died Dec. 27, 1914, Daytona Beach, Fla.

      American chemist who discovered the electrolytic method of producing aluminum (aluminum processing), thus bringing the metal into wide commercial use.

      While a student at Oberlin (Oberlin College) (Ohio) College Hall became interested in producing aluminum inexpensively. He continued to use the college laboratory after his graduation in 1885, discovering his method eight months later. Paul-Louis-Toussaint Héroult of France independently discovered the identical process at about the same time.

      After several failures to interest financial backers, Hall obtained the support of the Mellon family, and the Pittsburgh Reduction Company (later the Aluminum Company of America) was formed. In 1890 he became its vice president. By 1914 his process had brought the cost of aluminum down to 18 cents a pound. Hall was a generous benefactor of his college, bequeathing Oberlin more than $5,000,000.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hall, Charles Martin — SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy [br] b. 6 December 1863 Thompson, Ohio, USA d. 27 December 1914 USA [br] American metallurgist, inventor of the first feasible electrolytic process for the production of aluminium. [br] The son of a Congregationalist… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Hall , Charles Martin — (1863–1914) American chemist Hall was born in Thompson, Ohio, and educated at Oberlin College, graduating in 1885. He became interested in the costly process of manufacturing aluminum – until the late 19th century aluminum was a precious metal… …   Scientists

  • Hall, Charles Martin — (6 dic. 1863, Thompson, Ohio, EE.UU.–27 dic. 1914, Daytona Beach, Fla.). Químico estadounidense. Estudió en el Oberlin College y descubrió, luego de graduarse en 1885, el método de producir aluminio por electrólisis (simultáneamente con Paul… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hall, Charles — Hall , Charles Martin …   Scientists

  • Charles Martin Hall — Born December 6, 1863 Thompson, Ohio Died December 27, 1914 Daytona, Florida …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Martin Hall — (6 de diciembre de 1863 27 de diciembre de 1914) fue un inventor e ingeniero estadounidense, famoso por su descubrimiento en 1886 de un método barato para producir aluminio, que se convirtió así en el primer metal en lograr un uso generalizado… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Martin Hall — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hall. Charles Martin Hall. Charles Martin Hall (1863 1914) est un ingénieur américain. Il a inventé le procédé élect …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Martin Hall — (* 6. Dezember 1863 in Thompson (Ohio); † 27. Dezember 1914 in Daytona, Florida) war ein amerikanischer Erfinder, Ingenieur und Unternehmer. Er wurde bekannt durch seine Entdeckung einer kostengünstigen Methode zur Herstellung von Aluminium.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Martin (Oregon politician) — Charles H. Martin Brig. Genl. C.H. Martin, 8/21/22 21st Governor of Oregon In office January 14, 1935 – January 9, 1939 Preced …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Martin (Gouverneur) — Charles Martin (1922) Charles Henry Martin (* 1. Oktober 1863 im Edwards County, Illinois; † 26. September 1946 in Portland, Oregon) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1935 bis 1939 der 21. Gouverneur von Oregon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.