Gross, Samuel David

born July 8, 1805, Easton, Pa., U.S.
died May 6, 1884, Philadelphia

U.S. surgeon, teacher of medicine, and author.

He was apprenticed to a local country doctor before receiving formal medical training. His most celebrated work, Elements of Pathological Anatomy (1839), was a pioneering effort that organized knowledge on the subject in English, and his System of Surgery (2 vol., 1859) had a profound effect on surgical thought worldwide. His Manual of Military Surgery (1861) was written at the government's request. Gross also invented many surgical tools. He was memorably portrayed in Thomas Eakins's masterpiece, The Gross Clinic.

* * *

▪ American surgeon
born July 8, 1805, Easton, Pa., U.S.
died May 6, 1884, Philadelphia

      American surgeon, teacher of medicine, and author of an influential textbook on surgery and a widely read treatise on pathological anatomy.

      Born and raised on a farm in Pennsylvania, Gross at first was apprenticed to a local country doctor. He continued his education at Wilkes-Barre Academy in Pennsylvania and graduated from Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1828. After setting up a practice in Philadelphia, Gross began translating medical treatises by foreign authors into English.

      In 1830 Gross published a treatise on diseases of the bones and joints. Nine years later, he wrote his most celebrated work, Elements of Pathological Anatomy (1839), a pioneering effort that organized and systematized knowledge on the subject in English. The book went through several editions. Gross is also remembered for his incisive treatises on diseases of the urinary bladder (1851) and the intestines (1843) and on foreign bodies in air passages (1854). His two-volume A System of Surgery; Pathological, Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Operative (1859), translated and read around the world, had a profound effect on surgical thought. His Manual of Military Surgery (1861) was written at the request of the U.S. government. He also invented many surgical tools.

      Gross was appointed professor of surgery at the University of Louisville in 1840 and professor of surgery at Jefferson Medical College in 1856, where he taught until 1882. As a teacher he was considered remarkable for his ability to enliven the standard medical lecture using anecdote and humour. He was memorably portrayed in the American painter Thomas Eakins' masterpiece, “The Gross Clinic” (1875).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gross, Samuel David — (8 jul. 1805, Easton, Pa., EE.UU.–6 may. 1884, Filadelfia). Cirujano, autor y profesor de medicina estadounidense. Antes de recibir educación médica formal fue aprendiz de un médico rural. Su trabajo más celebrado, Elements of Pathological… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • David — (rey de Israel) V. «lágrimas de David». * * * David. □ V. estrella de David, lágrimas de David. * * * Esta página se refiere al rey bíblico de Israel. Para otros significados del término véase David (desambiguación). David (דָּוִד Amado ) fue el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Samuel — samuel. m. C. Rica. Acción de samuelear. || echar un samuel. fr. C. Rica. samuelear. * * * Samuel, Herbert Louis (Šemū´ēl) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Samuel D. Gross — Die Klinik Gross, Porträt von Samuel D. Gross Samuel David Gross (* 8. Juli 1805 in Easton, Pennsylvania; † 6. Mai 1884 in Philadelphia) war ein berühmter amerikanischer Chirurg. Dr. Gross graduierte 1828 am Jefferson Medical Col …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David — /day vid/ for 1, 2, 5; Fr. /dann veed / for 3, 5; Sp. /dah veedh / for 4, 5, n. 1. died c970 B.C., the second king of Israel, reigned c1010 c970, successor to Saul: slayer of the Philistine giant Goliath. 2. Saint. Also called Dewi Sant. A.D.… …   Universalium

  • Samuel — /sam yooh euhl/, n. 1. a judge and prophet of Israel. I Sam. 1 3; 8 15. 2. either of two books of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: I Sam., II Sam. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning name of God. * * * I (с 11th century BC) Old… …   Universalium

  • gross — grossly, adv. grossness, n. /grohs/, adj., grosser, grossest, n., pl. gross for 11, grosses for 12, 13; v. adj. 1. without deductions; total, as the amount of sales, salary, profit, etc., before taking deductions for expenses, taxes, or the like… …   Universalium

  • Gross — /grohs/, n. Chaim /khuym/, born 1904, U.S. sculptor and graphic artist, born in Austria. * * * (as used in expressions) gross domestic product Gross Michael Gross Samuel David * * * …   Universalium

  • Gross — steht für: Gross SZ, Viertel der Gemeinde Einsiedeln in der Schweiz Groß (Hollabrunn), eine Katastralgemeinde von Hollabrunn Gross, ein andere Schreibweise für die Messeinheit Gros Gross Income, eine Bezeichnung für Nettohonorarumsatz Gross… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gross (surname) — Gross is a surname, and may refer to:* Alfred J. Gross, American inventor * Arye Gross, American actor * Benedict Gross, American mathematician * Bill Gross, American businessman * Bill Gross (fl. 1990s), American financial manager author * Chaim …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.