Grew, Nehemiah

(baptized Sept. 26, 1641, Mancetter Parish, Warwickshire, Eng.
died March 25, 1712, London) British botanist.

A physician and professor, Grew's training in animal anatomy led to his interest in that of plants. His writings noted the existence of cells and coined such terms as radicle (for the embryonic root), plume (for the primary bud of a plant embryo; now called plumule), and parenchyma (for unspecialized cells). His Anatomy of Plants (1682) contained the first thorough account of plant anatomy; its many excellent wood engravings represented the three-dimensional, microscopic structure of plant tissue. He presented, among other fundamental discoveries, the suggestion that the stamen (with its pollen) is the male sex organ and the pistil corresponds to the female sex organ. With Marcello Malpighi, Grew is considered a founder of the science of plant anatomy.

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▪ English botanist
baptized Sept. 26, 1641, Mancetter Parish, Warwickshire, Eng.
died March 25, 1712, London
 English botanist, physician, and microscopist, who, with the Italian microscopist Marcello Malpighi, is considered to be among the founders of the science of plant anatomy. Grew's first book on plant anatomy, The Anatomy of Vegetables Begun (1672), was presented to the Royal Society of London at the same time as Malpighi's manuscript on the subject.

      Grew received his B.A. from Pembroke Hall, Cambridge University, in 1661 and his M.D. from the University of Leyden, the Netherlands, in 1671. He first practiced medicine in Coventry, Warwickshire, but later moved to London. His training in animal anatomy led to his interest in the anatomy of plants. His Anatomy of Vegetables Begun included much detail of the structure of bean seeds. It noted the existence of cells and created many terms: radicle for the embryonic root; plume for what is now known as the plumule, or primary bud of a plant embryo; and parenchyma for unspecialized cells.

      Grew's best and most popular work, The Anatomy of Plants (1682), includes a section on the anatomy of flowers and many excellent wood engravings that represent the three-dimensional, microscopic structure of plant tissue. The book is best remembered for the idea, suggested to Grew by the physician Sir Thomas Millington, that the stamen, with its pollen, is the male sex organ and that the pistil corresponds to the sex organ of the female.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Grew, Nehemiah — (bautizado 26 sep. 1641, Mancetter Parish, Warwickshire, Inglaterra–25 mar. 1712, Londres). Botánico, médico y catedrático británico. Su formación en anatomía animal despertó su interés en la anatomía vegetal. Sus escritos resaltan la existencia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nehemiah Grew — Born September 26, 1641(1641 09 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Nehemiah Grew — Nacimiento septiembre de 1641 Warwickshire …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nehemiah Grew — Nehemiah Grew. Nehemiah Grew est un botaniste britannique, né en septembre 1641 à Warwickshire et mort le 25 mars 1712. Il est le seul fils d’Obadiah Grew (1607 1688), ecclésiastique britannique. Grew est diplômé au Pembrok …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nehemiah Grew — Nehemiah Grew. Nehemiah Grew (* 26. September 1641 in Mancetter Parish, Warwickshire, England; † 25. März 1712 in London) war ein englischer Botaniker, Arzt und Physiologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Grew — ist der Familienname von: Joseph Grew (1880–1965), US amerikanischer Diplomat Nehemiah Grew (1641–1712), englischer Botaniker und Physiologe Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grew — (spr. Griu), Nehemiah, geb. um 1628 in Coventry, Arzt u. Naturforscher daselbst, wurde 1670 Mitglied der königlichen Societät in London u. 1677 deren Secretär; er st. 1711 u. schr.: Idee einer philosophischen Pflanzengeschichte, Lond. 1670;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Grew — (spr. grū), Nehemiah, Botaniker, geb. 1628 in Coventry in England, gest. 15. März 1711 in London, lebte als Arzt in seiner Vaterstadt, ging 1672 nach London und wurde 1677 daselbst Sekretär der Royal Society. G. zählt zu den Begründern der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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