Grable, Betty

orig. Ruth Elizabeth Grable

born Dec. 18, 1916, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.
died July 2, 1973, Santa Monica, Calif.

U.S. film actress.

She performed as a chorus-line dancer in 1930s musicals, then was featured in musicals such as Down Argentine Way (1940) and Moon over Miami (1941). Noted for her shapely legs, she became a top star and a favourite pinup girl of U.S. troops in World War II. After the war, she starred in films such as Mother Wore Tights (1947) and How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), but as the film musical fell into decline so did her career.

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▪ American actress and dancer
byname of  Ruth Elizabeth Grable 
born December 18, 1916, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.
died July 2, 1973, Santa Monica, Calif.
 American film actress and dancer who was one of the leading box office draws of the 1940s. She starred primarily in musicals with formulaic plots that embraced her wholesome, good-natured screen image and featured athletic dance numbers which showed off her shapely legs.

      Grable was set on the road to stardom by her mother, who enrolled her from an early age in dance and music classes and in 1929 moved with her to Hollywood. Only 13 years old, Grable lied about her age and landed chorus girl parts in several Hollywood musicals. She sang and danced in films throughout the 1930s (sometimes using the name Frances Dean) but did not make much of an impression until 1939, when she was a hit on Broadway in Cole Porter (Porter, Cole)'s musical Du Barry Was a Lady. She was then called back to Hollywood by Twentieth Century Fox, and in 1940 she had her first blockbuster success with Down Argentine Way. That film was followed by such hits as Moon over Miami (1941), Sweet Rosie O'Grady (1943), Pin Up Girl (1944), and The Dolly Sisters (1946)—the success of which helped pull Fox out of debt.

 The splashy Technicolor musicals in which Grable starred were immensely popular and provided audiences with escapist entertainment during World War II. The famous pinup photo of the leggy, blonde, bathing-suit-clad Grable, back to the camera, glancing over one shoulder, did not contradict her persona as the girl next door and became an icon of the era. Indeed, American servicemen voted Grable their favourite pinup, and her image could be seen adorning the sides of bomber planes.

      Grable ranked among the top 10 box office stars for 10 consecutive years (1942–51); she held the number one spot in 1943 and was the highest-ranked woman in 7 other years. At the height of her fame, her famous legs were insured for one million dollars, and she became not only the highest-paid star in Hollywood but the highest-paid woman in the United States. In the mid-1950s, however, Grable's movie career declined in tandem with the decrease in the popularity of the conventional, backstage musicals she specialized in. She then headlined shows in Las Vegas, Nevada, sometimes appearing with bandleader Harry James (James, Harry), to whom she was married from 1943 to 1965. (Her first husband, from 1937 to 1940, was actor Jackie Coogan (Coogan, Jackie).) She also starred in the road companies of hit stage shows and was one of the most popular repacement stars of the long-running Broadway musical Hello Dolly!

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grable, Betty — (1916 1973)    The serviceman’s favorite pin up girl during World War II was born Elizabeth Ruth Grable in St. Louis, Missouri. She began her film career in blackface in Happy Days in 1929 and had small roles in several films throughout the 1930s …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Grable, Betty — orig. Ruth Elizabeth Grable (18 dic. 1916, St. Louis, Mo., EE.UU.–2 jul. 1973, Santa Mónica, Cal.). Actriz de cine estadounidense. Actuó como corista en películas musicales de la década de 1930 y posteriormente protagonizó musicales como Serenata …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grable, Betty — pseud. di Grable, Elizabeth Ruth …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Betty Grable — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Betty Grable Betty Grable en el trailer de How to Marry a Millionaire Nombre real …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grable — Betty Grable 1943 auf dem Cover eines U. S. Army Magazines Betty Grable (* 18. Dezember 1916 in St. Louis, Missouri; † 2. Juli 1973 in Santa Monica, Kalifornien; eigentlich Ruth Elizabeth Grable) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grable — Grable, Betty (1916 73) a US actress who appeared in musical films. She became a ↑pin up for the soldiers during World War II, and in 1942 her legs were insured for $250,000 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Betty Grable — Infobox actor bgcolour = silver name = Betty Grable imagesize = caption = in How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) birthname = Elizabeth Ruth Grable birthdate = birth date|1916|12|18|mf=y location = St. Louis, Missouri deathdate = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • betty — /bet ee/, n., pl. betties. See brown betty. [1915 20, Amer.; by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Comden Betty Friedan Betty Betty Naomi Goldstein Grable Betty * * * …   Universalium

  • Betty — /bet ee/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * * (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Comden Betty Friedan Betty Betty Naomi Goldstein Grable Betty * * * …   Universalium

  • Betty — (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Comden, Betty Friedan, Betty Betty Naomi Goldstein Grable, Betty …   Enciclopedia Universal

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