Gosse, Sir Edmund

born Sept. 21, 1849, London, Eng.
died May 16, 1928, London

British literary historian and critic.

He worked principally as a librarian and translator (of Henrik Ibsen's plays, among many other works). He wrote the literary histories 18th Century Literature (1889) and Modern English Literature (1897), as well as biographies of Thomas Gray, John Donne, Ibsen, and others, and introduced many works by continental European writers to English readers. Many of his critical essays were collected in French Profiles (1905), and his autobiography, Father and Son (1907), has been much admired.

* * *

▪ British critic and writer

born Sept. 21, 1849, London, Eng.
died May 16, 1928, London
 English translator, literary historian, and critic who introduced the work of Henrik Ibsen and other continental European writers to English readers.

      Gosse was the only child of the naturalist Philip Henry Gosse. His mother having died when he was young, he was taken by his father to St. Mary Church, near Torquay, Devon, where he grew up, attending neighbouring schools. Living in a strict religious household, he came to know nonreligious poetry, fiction, and other literature only surreptitiously. He nevertheless secured employment on the library staff of the British Museum from 1865 to 1875, was a translator for the Board of Trade for some 30 years, lectured on English literature at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1885 to 1890, and finally was librarian to the House of Lords from 1904 to 1914.

      Gosse was a prolific man of letters who was quite influential in his day. He translated three of Ibsen's plays, notably Hedda Gabler (1891) and The Master Builder (1892; with W. Archer). He wrote literary histories, such as 18th Century Literature (1889) and Modern English Literature (1897), as well as biographies of Thomas Gray (1884), John Donne (1899), Ibsen (1907), and other writers. Some of his many critical essays were collected in French Profiles (1905). Unfortunately, Gosse was active just before the modern revolution in standards of scholarship and criticism, so that much of his critical and historical output now appears amateurish in its inaccuracies and carelessness. His finest book is probably Father and Son (1907), a minor classic of autobiography in which he recounts with grace, irony, and wit his escape from the dominance of a puritanical father to the exhilarating world of letters. Gosse was knighted in 1925.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gosse, Sir Edmund — (21 sep. 1849, Londres, Inglaterra–16 may. 1928, Londres). Crítico e historiador literario británico. Trabajó principalmente como bibliotecario y traductor (de las obras de Henrik Ibsen, entre muchas otras). Escribió las historias literarias 18th …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gosse, Sir Edmund William — (1849 1928)    Born in London, he was brought up in Devon by his father after his mother died. In his book Father and Son (1907) he describes the tension ridden relationship with his father a member of the Plymouth Brethren. He was liberated when …   British and Irish poets

  • Edmund Gosse — Edmund William Gosse (September 21, 1849 ndash; May 16, 1928) was an English poet, author and critic, the son of Philip Henry Gosse and Emily Bowes. [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article 9037475Sir Edmund Gosse Sir Edmund Gosse] ] CareerOn… …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund — or Edmond [ed′mənd] n. 〚OE Eadmund < ead (see EDGAR1) + mund, hand, protection: see MANUAL〛 a masculine name: dim. Ed, Ned * * * (849–870) a …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edmund — (as used in expressions) Andros, Sir Edmund Burke, Edmund Cartwright, Edmund Cockburn, Sir Alexander (James Edmund), 10° baronet Dewey, Thomas E(dmund) Gosse, Sir Edmund Hillary, Sir Edmund (Percival) Husserl, Edmund Kean, Edmund Martinson, Harry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edmund Gosse — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edmund Gosse Retrato de Sir Edmund Gosse por John Singer Sargent …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gosse — biographical name Sir Edmund William 1849 1928 English poet & critic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gosse — /gaws, gos/, n. Sir Edmund William, 1849 1928, English poet, biographer, and critic. * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.