Gorges, Sir Ferdinando
born 1566?, probably at Wraxall, Somerset, Eng.died 1647, Long Ashton, GloucestershireBritish colonist.After a military career, he sought royal grants to establish settlements in North America. Believing that colonizing should be a royal endeavour, he obtained a grant in 1620 to all the land in North America between the 40th and 48th parallels. His plan to distribute the land as manors and fiefs to aristocratic members of a Council of New England was thwarted by the development of self-governing English colonies at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay, which received their charters directly from the crown. He received the charter for Maine in 1639 but was unable to effect his plan.
* * *▪ British colonistborn c. 1566, , probably at Wraxall, Somerset, Eng.died 1647, Long Ashton, GloucestershireBritish proprietary founder of Maine, who promoted, though unsuccessfully, the colonization of New England (New England, Council for) along aristocratic lines.After a colourful military career in his early manhood, during which he was knighted (1591), Gorges' life after 1605 was dominated by attempts to gain royal sanction for various settlement schemes in North America, although he himself never traveled there. He felt that colonizing should be a royal endeavour and that colonies should be kept under rigid control from above. In 1620 Gorges succeeded in obtaining a charter to develop the Council for New England—a proprietary grant covering the entire area in North America between the 40th and 48th parallels. He intended to distribute the land as manors and fiefs to fellow gentry who were members of the Council but was thwarted by the success of two vigorous, middle-class, self-governing English colonies founded by joint-stock companies at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. Since these New England settlements had received their charters directly from the crown, the Council was thus bypassed as an intermediary.Gorges was the recipient of several land grants during his lifetime, most importantly the charter for Maine in 1639. Although his agents set up a provincial government there, the English Civil Wars and Gorges' advancing age prevented him from fulfilling his American dream.
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Gorges, Sir Ferdinando — (¿1566?, probablemente en Wraxall, Somerset, Inglaterra.–1647, Long Ashton, Gloucestershire). Colono británico. Después de seguir la carrera militar, obtuvo concesiones reales para establecer asentamientos en América del Norte. Convencido de que… … Enciclopedia Universal
sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy … Universalium
sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… … Enciclopedia Universal
Gorges family — Location of Gorges … Wikipedia
Ferdinando Gorges — Sir Ferdinando Gorges (1565–1647) was an early English colonial entrepreneur in North America and founder of the Province of Maine in 1622, although Gorges himself never set foot in the New World.Gorges was born in Ashton Phillips, Somerset,… … Wikipedia
Gorges — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: E. Howard Gorges, britischer Brigadegeneral, Kommandeur des West African Regiment 1914 1916 Sir Ferdinando Gorges (1565–1647), gründete 1622 mit John Mason die Province of Maine, die heute zu den US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fort Gorges — Infobox nrhp name = Fort Gorges nrhp type = caption = Fort Gorges location = E of Portland on Hog Island, Portland Harbor nearest city = Portland, Maine lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction = long degrees = long minutes = long… … Wikipedia
Robert Gorges — [dates] , the son of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, left Weymouth, England in 1623 with emigrants to settle in Wessagusset, New England (present day Weymouth, Massachusetts) . He was appointed Governor of the colony, which then changed its name to… … Wikipedia
New Somersetshire — was the name for a British colonial venture in what later became the U.S. state of Maine.HistoryThe sole Proprietor of New Somersetshire (1635 1647) was Sir Ferdinando Gorges, formerly the associate of John Mason as proprietors of the Province of … Wikipedia
York — /yawrk/, n. 1. a member of the royal house of England that ruled from 1461 to 1485. 2. 1st Duke of (Edmund of Langley), 1341 1402, progenitor of the house of York (son of Edward III). 3. Alvin Cullum /kul euhm/ (Sergeant), 1887 1964, U.S. soldier … Universalium