Goldmark, Peter Carl

born , Dec. 2, 1906, Budapest, Hung.
died Dec. 7, 1977, Westchester county, N.Y., U.S.

Hungarian-U.S. engineer.

He earned a doctorate from the University of Vienna before immigrating to the U.S. in 1933. From 1936 to 1972 he worked at the Columbia Broadcasting System Laboratories. In 1940 he demonstrated the first commercial colour-television system; based on a rotating three-colour disk, his system found wide application in closed-circuit television for industry, medical institutions, and schools because his camera was much smaller, lighter, and easier to maintain than those that eventually came to be used in commercial television. In 1948 he introduced the long-playing (LP) phonograph record, which revolutionized the recording industry. In 1950 he developed the scanning system that would allow the U.S. Lunar Orbiter spacecraft (launched in 1966) to relay photographs 238,000 mi (380,000 km) from the Moon to Earth.

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▪ American engineer
born , Dec. 2, 1906, Budapest, Hung.
died Dec. 7, 1977, Westchester county, N.Y., U.S.

      American engineer (naturalized 1937) who developed the first commercial colour- television system and the 33 1/3 revolutions-per-minute (rpm) long-playing (LP) phonograph record, which revolutionized the recording industry. Goldmark joined the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) Laboratories in 1936. There he began work on a colour-television system that was first demonstrated in 1940. Based on the use of a rotating, three-colour disk, his field-sequential system was improved after World War II and approved for commercial use by the Federal Communications Commission in 1950. Although soon replaced by all-electronic colour systems that were compatible with black-and-white transmission, his system has found wide application in closed-circuit television for industry, medical institutions, and schools because his colour camera is much smaller, lighter, and easier to maintain and operate than cameras used in commercial television.

      In 1948 Goldmark and his team at CBS Laboratories introduced the LP record. Utilizing a groove width of only 0.003 inch (0.076 millimetre), as compared with 0.01 inch for the old 78-rpm records, the equivalent of six 78-rpm records could be compressed into one 33 1/3 LP.

      After Goldmark became a vice president of CBS in 1950, he developed the scanning system that allowed the U.S. Lunar Orbiter spacecraft (launched in 1966) to relay photographs 238,000 miles (380,000 kilometres) from the Moon to the Earth.

      Goldmark also developed an electronic video (video tape recorder) recording system, utilizing unperforated plastic film to record the picture in monochrome and to carry the colour information in coded form. In cartridges, the film could be played through any standard television receiver in either colour or black and white.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GOLDMARK, PETER CARL — (1906–1977), U.S. television engineer. Born in Hungary, Goldmark went to the U.S. in 1933 and joined CBS as chief TV engineer in 1936, becoming president of its laboratories division in 1954. He developed systems of color television, one of which …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Goldmark, Peter Carl — SUBJECT AREA: Broadcasting, Electronics and information technology, Recording [br] b. 2 December 1906 Budapest, Hungary d. 7 December 1977 Westchester Co., New York, USA [br] Austro Hungarian engineer who developed the first commercial colour… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Goldmark, Peter Carl — (2 dic. 1906, Budapest, Hungría–7 dic. 1977, cond. de Westchester, N.Y., EE.UU.). Ingeniero húngaro estadounidense. Obtuvo un doctorado de la Universidad de Viena antes de emigrar a EE.UU. en 1933. Desde 1936 hasta 1972 trabajó en los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peter Carl Goldmark — Born December 2, 1906(1906 12 02) Budapest Died December 7, 1977(1977 12 07) (aged 71) Port Chester …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Carl Goldmark — (* 2. Dezember 1906 in Budapest; † 7. Dezember 1977 in Port Chester, New York) war ein in Ungarn geborener US amerikanischer Ingenieur, der den ersten erfolgreichen Farbfernseher vorführte. Als Peter Carl Goldmark 8 Jahre alt war, ließen sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Carl Goldmark — Dans ce nom hongrois, le nom de famille, Goldmark, précède le prénom mais cet article utilise l ordre occidental où le prénom précède le nom.. Peter Carl Goldmark Naissance 2 décembre 1906 Budapest (   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Carl Goldmark — noun United States inventor (born in Hungary) who made the first TV broadcast in 1940 and invented the long playing record in 1948 and pioneered videocassette recording (1906 1977) • Syn: ↑Goldmark, ↑Peter Goldmark • Instance Hypernyms: ↑inventor …   Useful english dictionary

  • carl — carlish, adj. carlishness, n. /kahrl/, n. 1. Scot. a. a strong, robust fellow, esp. a strong manual laborer. b. a miser; an extremely thrifty person. 2. Archaic. a churl. 3. Obs. a bondman. Also, carle. [bef. 1000 (in compounds; see HOUSECARL);… …   Universalium

  • Carl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Andre Carl Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel Carl XVI Gustaf Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Correns Carl Erich Cuno Wilhelm Carl Josef Ditters …   Universalium

  • Carl — ► (1895 1982) Compositor, director de orquesta y profesor alemán. Obras: Carmina Burana (1937), Catulli Carmina, El triunfo de Afrodita (1951) y Comoedia de Christi resurrectione (1955). * * * (as used in expressions) Andre, Carl Bach, Carl… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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