Gheorghiu-Dej, Gheorghe

born Nov. 8, 1901, Bârlad, Rom.
died March 19, 1965, Bucharest

Romanian politician.

He became head of the Communist Party in 1944 and held key government economic posts (1946–52). After purging the party of rivals closely identified with Soviet policies, he became prime minister (1952–55) and gradually adopted economic and foreign policies that served Romania's national interests. As president of the State Council (1961–65), he pursued a program of industrialization, despite the objections of other Soviet-bloc countries that wanted Romania to remain agricultural. He further demonstrated Romania's independence by forming cordial relations with noncommunist nations and with China.

* * *

▪ prime minister of Romania
born Nov. 8, 1901, Bârlad, Rom.
died March 19, 1965, Bucharest

      longtime head of the Romanian Communist Party, prime minister (1952–55), and president of Romania's State Council (1961–65).

      Having become a revolutionary after World War I, Gheorghiu-Dej joined the then-outlawed Romanian Communist Party in 1930 and was sentenced to 12 years' hard labour for his role in the Grivița railwaymen's strike of 1933. Escaping prison in August 1944, he had established himself as secretary general—i.e., official head—of the party by the time of the antifascist coup of Aug. 23, 1944, which caused Romania to change sides and join the Allies against Germany. He became minister of communications in the first liberation cabinets (1944–46). Despite his relatively minor government position, he played an instrumental role in forcing Prime Minister Nicolae Rădescu (Rădescu, Nicolae) out of office and establishing a government dominated by communists and their political allies (March 1945). Between 1945 and 1965, Gheorghiu-Dej served first as secretary-general and then as first secretary of the Communist Party while simultaneously holding key posts in government economic planning. Strictly adhering to the goals of socialization laid down by Moscow, he promoted the development of industry in Romania.

      In 1952, after purging the party of his rivals, who had been closely identified with Soviet (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) leaders and policies, Gheorghiu-Dej became prime minister. He gradually adopted economic and foreign policies that served Romania's national interests rather than those of international socialism as defined by the Soviet leaders. He resigned as prime minister in 1955 but assumed the equivalent position of president of the State Council in 1961. Following an even more determined independent course, he overcame the objections of the other Soviet-bloc countries, which wanted Romania's economy to remain primarily agricultural, and pursued a far-reaching program of industrialization. In the mid-1960s Gheorghiu-Dej also demonstrated Romania's independence from Soviet domination by forming cordial relations with noncommunist nations and with the People's Republic of China, which had become increasingly alienated from the Soviet Union. His reorientation of foreign policy was accompanied by a relaxation of internal repression, but there was no democratization of political life.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gheorghiu-Dej, Gheorghe — ► (1901 65) Político rumano. Fue secretario general del Partido Comunista desde 1945 y presidente del Consejo de Estado en 1961 65. * * * (8 nov. 1901, Bârlad, Rumania–19 mar. 1965, Bucarest). Político rumano. Se convirtió en jefe del partido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gheorghiu-Dej — Gheorghiu Dej, Gheorghe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gheorghiu-Dej — Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej ([ɡeˈorɡe ɡeˈorɡju ˈdeʒ], * 8. November 1901 in Bârlad; † 19. März 1965 in Bukarest) war Politiker und Staatspräsident in Rumänien. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej — Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, [ɡeˈorɡe ɡeˈorɡju ˈdeʒ], (* 8. November 1901 in Bârlad; † 19. März 1965 in Bukarest) war ein rumänischer Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej — Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej. Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej (8 de noviembre de 1901, Bârlad 19 de marzo de 1965, Bucarest) fue el líder la República Socialista de Rumania desde 1947 hasta su muerte en 1965. Fue el arquitecto de la política semi autónoma en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gheorghiu-Dej — (Gheorghe) (1901 1965) homme politique roumain. Il adhéra dès 1930 au parti communiste, dont il devint secrétaire général en 1945. Chef de l état de 1961 à sa mort …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej — For the city in Romania formerly known as Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, see Oneşti. Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party In office 1944 – 1954 1955 – March 19, 1965 …   Wikipedia

  • Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gheorghiu (homonymie). Pour la ville de Roumanie nommée anciennement Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, voir Onești. Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gheorghe gheorghiu-dej — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gheorghiu (homonymie).  Pour la ville de Roumanie nommée anciennement Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, voir Oneşti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gheorghiu-Dej —   [ge̯or giu̯ deʒ], Gheorghe, rumänischer Politiker, * Bârlad 8. 11. 1901, ✝ Bukarest 19. 3. 1965; Elektroingenieur; seit 1930 Mitglied der KP, seit 1934 ihres ZK. 1934 zu zwölf Jahren Haft verurteilt und inhaftiert, entkam er am 13. 8. 1944 aus… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.