Geulincx, Arnold

known as Philaretus

born Jan. 31, 1624, Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands
died November 1669, Leiden, Neth.

Flemish metaphysician and logician.

He taught at the University of Louvain from 1646 but was dismissed in 1658, probably because of his sympathy with Jansenism. He took refuge at Leiden, where he became a Calvinist. He lived in poverty until 1662, when he obtained a position at the University of Leiden. He was a major exponent of the doctrine known as occasionalism. His major works include On Virtue (1665), Know Thyself (1675), and True Metaphysics (1691).

* * *

▪ Flemish philosopher
pseudonym  Philaretus  
born Jan. 31, 1624, Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium]
died November 1669, Leiden, Neth.

      Flemish metaphysician, logician, and leading exponent of a philosophical doctrine known as occasionalism based on the work of René Descartes, as extended to include a comprehensive ethical theory.

      Geulincx studied philosophy and theology at the Catholic University of Leuven (Louvain), where he became a professor in 1646. In 1658 he was dismissed, probably because of his sympathy with Jansenism, the Roman Catholic movement emphasizing man's sinful nature and dependency on God's grace for salvation. Taking refuge at Leiden, in Holland, he adopted the strict, Jansen-like theology of John Calvin. In September 1658 he became a medical doctor and, in the following year, was authorized to lecture privately in philosophy for a few months. He lived in poverty until 1662, when he obtained a lectureship in logic at the University of Leiden, where in 1665 he became professor extraordinary of philosophy and ethics.

      Geulincx's major works include Quaestiones Quodlibeticae (1653; “Miscellaneous Questions”), reedited by him at Leiden as Saturnalia (1665); Logica . . . Restituta (1662; “Logic Restated”); and the ethical dissertation De Virtute (1665; “On Virtute”). After his death, his pupil C. Bontekoe published, under Geulincx's pseudonym, Philaretus, his six treatises on ethics, Gnothi Seauton (1675; “Know Thyself ”). As Philaretus, Geulincx accepted the progression in Cartesian metaphysics from doubt to knowledge and from knowledge to God and affirmed the dominant role of the will in forming judgments. Geulincx, however, aimed to submit the will to the authority of reason. This “ethics of humility” reflects the author's Jansenism and Calvinism. In his Metaphysica Vera (1691; “True Metaphysics”), he disappointed Cartesian expectations that a scientific mastery of matter, life, and mind will develop and instead emphasized man's impotence before the transcendent Creator.

      The inspiration for Geulincx's attempt to complete Descartes's system came primarily from the writings of St. Augustine. The opposition between the incomprehensible Deity and his creation also formed the basis for Geulincx's doctrine of occasionalism: God uses the “occasion” of the body to produce various human attitudes. Though people may believe that they act unaided, God actually works within them to make their will effective.

      Geulincx's works have been collected as Arnoldi Geulinex Antverpiensis Opera Philosophica, 3 vol. (1891–93; “The Philosophical Works of Arnold Geulincx of Antwerp”).

Additional Reading
J.P.N. Land, Arnold Geulincx und seine Philosophie (1895); M. Paulinus, Die Sittenlehre Geulincx (1892); E. Terraillon, La Morale de Geulincx dans ses rapports avec la philosophie de Descartes (1912); K. Nagel, Das Substanzproblem bei Arnold Geulincx (1930); P. Hausmann, Das Freiheitsproblem in der Metaphysik und Ethik bei Arnold Geulincx (1934).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geulincx, Arnold — (1624–1669) Born in Antwerp, Geulincx studied and taught at Louvain, until in 1658 he was deprived of his chair. Leaving Louvain he settled at Leiden, where he became a Calvinist. He is principally remembered for his occasionalism, or denial of a …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Geulincx, Arnold — See Occasionalism …   History of philosophy

  • Geulincx, Arnold — llamado Filareto (31 ene. 1624, Amberes, Países Bajos Españoles–nov. 1669, Leiden, Países Bajos). Metafísico y lógico flamenco. Enseñó en la Universidad de Lovaina a partir de 1646, pero fue despedido en 1658, probablemente por su afinidad con el …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geulincx — Arnold Geulincx (* 31. Januar 1624 in Antwerpen; † November 1669 in Leiden) war ein flämisch niederländischer Theologe, Logiker und Philosoph. Neben Malebranche gilt er als ein Hauptvertreter des Okkasionalismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnold Geulincx — (* 31. Januar 1624 in Antwerpen; † November 1669 in Leiden) war ein flämisch niederländischer Theologe, Logiker und Philosoph. Neben Malebranche gilt er als ein Hauptvertreter des Okkasionalismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Philosophie 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GEULINCX (A.) — GEULINCX ARNOLD (1624 1669) Philosophe flamand né à Anvers, métaphysicien et moraliste, Geulincx enseigna à Louvain, d’où il fut chassé en 1658 pour ses critiques de la scolastique; il alla à Leyde et se convertit alors du catholicisme au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arnold — Arnold, Benedict Arnold, Gottfried Arnold, Matthew Arnold, Thomas * * * (as used in expressions) Arnold, Benedict Arnold, Henry (Harley) Hap Arnold Arnold, Matthew Arnold, Thomas doctor Arnold Bax, Sir Arnold (Edwar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geulincx — (Arnold) (1624 1669) philosophe flamand néo cartésien: Metaphysica vera, Ethica, Physica vera …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arnold — /ahr nld/, n. 1. Benedict, 1741 1801, American general in the Revolutionary War who became a traitor. 2. Sir Edwin, 1832 1904, English poet and journalist. 3. Henry H. ( Hap ), 1886 1950, U.S. general. 4. Matthew, 1822 88, English essayist, poet …   Universalium

  • Arnold Geulincx — (Amberes, 31 de enero de 1624 – Leiden, noviembre de 1669) fue un filósofo ocasionalista y racionalista flamenco. Estudió en la Universidad de Lovaina, donde impartió clases de filosofía a partir de 1646. Fue removido de su puesto en 1657 o quizá …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.