Gentile da Fabriano

orig. Gentile di Niccolò di Massio

born с 1370, Fabriano, Papal States
died 1427, Rome

Italian painter.

He was probably trained in the Lombardy region. In 1409 he was commissioned to decorate the Doges' Palace in Venice with historical frescoes, now lost. His most important fresco cycle, also destroyed, was in the church of St. John Lateran in Rome. His major surviving painting is the celebrated Strozzi Altarpiece (1423), featuring The Adoration of the Magi. Its combination of naturalism and rich ornamentation influenced Italian artists throughout the century, notably Fra Angelico and Benozzo Gozzoli, and established Gentile as one of Italy's greatest proponents of the International Gothic style. He was the most important Italian painter of the first quarter of the 15th century.

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▪ Italian painter
original name  Niccolò di Giovanni di Massio  
born c. 1370, Fabriano, Papal States [Italy]
died 1427, Rome
 foremost painter of central Italy at the beginning of the 15th century, whose few surviving works are among the finest examples of the International Gothic style.

      An early signed work by Gentile has stylistic affinities with Lombard painting and suggests that he was trained in the Lombard school. In 1409 Gentile was commissioned to decorate the Doges' Palace in Venice with historical frescoes, which were later completed by Il Pisanello. In 1414–19 Gentile was in Brescia working for Pandolfo III Malatesta. His final important cycle of frescoes was begun in Rome in the Church of St. John Lateran shortly before his death. As with the frescoes in Venice, they were completed by Il Pisanello (Pisanello, Il) (now destroyed).

      His surviving masterpiece, the Adoration of the Magi, was completed in 1423 for the Church of Santa Trinità, in Florence. Its graceful figures are clothed in velvets and rich brocades, and the Magi are attended by Oriental retainers, who look after such exotic animals as lions and camels. Its delicate linearity and vibrant colours enhance the effect of rich exoticism. The decorativeness of its elegant, courtly style continued to influence Florentine artists throughout the century and presented a counterattraction to the austere realism introduced by Masaccio. Gentile also produced a number of Madonnas, such as the altarpiece known as the Quaratesi Polyptych (1425), which show the Mother and Child, regally clad, sitting on the ground in a garden.

Additional Reading
Keith Christiansen, Gentile da Fabriano (1982).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gentile da Fabriano — Boceto de Giorgio Vasari representando el rostro de Gentile da Fabriano (ed. 1848) Nombre de nacimiento Gentile di Niccolò di Giovanni di Massio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gentile Da Fabriano — L Adoration des mages (1423), Galerie des Offices de Florence …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gentile da Fabriano — • Italian painter; b. probably about 1378 in the District of the Marches; d. probably 1427 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gentile Da Fabriano     Gentile da Fabriano …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gentile da Fabriano — (c. 1370 ndash; c. 1427) was an Italian painter known for his participation in the International Gothic style. Gentile was born in or near Fabriano, in the Marche. His mother died some time before 1380 and his father, Niccolò di Giovanni Massi,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gentile da Fabriano — (c. 1370 c. 1427) fue un pintor italiano, uno de los principales exponentes del estilo gótico internacional en Italia. Se lo supone nacido en Fabriano, en la región del Marche, en el este de Italia. Gentile quedó huérfano a temprana edad, tras la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gentile da Fabriano —   [dʒɛn ], eigentlich Gentile di Niccolò di Giovạnni Mạssi [ dʒ ], italienischer Maler, * Fabriano um 1370, ✝ Rom zwischen August und Oktober 1427; war in Venedig (1408), Brescia (1414 18), Florenz (1422 25), Siena, Orvieto und zuletzt in Rom… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gentīle da Fabriāno — (spr. dschen ), ital. Maler, geb. zwischen 1360 und 1370 zu Fabriano in der Mark Ancona, gest. um 1427 in Rom, Schüler des Allegretto Nuzi von Gubbio, war an vielen Orten Italiens tätig, in Brescia, Siena, Orvieto etc., meist aber in Florenz, wo… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gentile da Fabriano — Gentīle da Fabriano (spr. dschen ), ital. Maler, s. Fabriano …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gentile da Fabriano — Anbetung der Heiligen Drei Könige 1423, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florenz Gentile da Fabriano (eigentlich Gentile di Nicolò Massio, * um 1370 oder um 1385 in Fabriano; † 1. August 1427 in Rom) war ein italienischer Maler der Frührenaissance …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gentile da Fabriano — L Adoration des mages (1423), Galerie des Offices de Florence …   Wikipédia en Français

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