Gelasius I, Saint

born probably Africa
died Nov. 19, 496, feast day November 21

Pope (492–496).

He combated the Acacian Schism in the East, which advocated the Monophysite heresy. He maintained papal authority and established Roman primacy in ecclesiastical affairs. He is known for his theory of the two powers of world governance in which he asserted that both sacred and civil power are of divine origin and independent. In 494 he changed the pagan Lupercalia festival into the feast of the Purification.

* * *

pope
born , in Rome of African descent
died Nov. 19, 496, Rome; feast day November 21

      pope from 492 to 496.

      Succeeding St. Felix III in March 492, Gelasius combatted the Acacian Schism that had arisen in the East under Patriarch Acacius (reigned 471–489) as a result of Rome's refusal to accept the Henotikon—a peace formula designed by the Eastern Roman emperor Zeno to reconcile the dissident Monophysites, advocators of the heretical doctrine that the human and divine in Christ constitute one nature. During that long, bitter struggle, Gelasius maintained papal authority, making him one of the great architects of Roman primacy in ecclesiastical affairs. He was the first pope to be called “Vicar of Christ.”

      His writings include more than 100 treatises and letters; one of the most celebrated (494) was addressed to Zeno's successor, Anastasius I, in which Gelasius states: “There are two powers by which this world is chiefly ruled: the sacred authority of the priesthood and the authority of kings.” Gelasius' doctrine that both sacred and civil power are of divine origin and independent, each in its own sphere, was then the most progressive thinking on the subject; had his formula been established, the subsequent history of the papacy probably would have been different. Among his acts, in 494 he changed the Lupercalia, a Roman pagan festival, into the feast of the Purification.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… …   Universalium

  • saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… …   Universalium

  • Gelasius I, Pope Saint — • An assessment of his pontificate. He died in 496 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gelasĭus — Gelasĭus, Name von zwei Päpsten: 1) G. I., Afrikaner, wurde 1. März 492 zum Papst geweiht, war einer der ersten römischen Bischöfe, die den Supremat über die Kirche des Abendlandes in Anspruch nahmen. Er verfolgte den Pelagianismus, erneuerte den …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint Macarius —     St. Macarius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Macarius     Bishop of Jerusalem (312 34). The date of Macarius s accession to the episcopate is found in St. Jerome s version of Eusebius s Chronicle (ann. Abr. 2330). His death must have been… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saint Peter — For other uses, see St. Peter (disambiguation). Saint Peter the Apostle Painting of Saint Peter by Peter Paul Rubens depicting the saint as Pope (1611 1612). Prince of the Apostles, First Pope, Martyr, Preacher …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Valentine — Infobox Saint name=Saint Valentine birth date=unknown death date=ca. 269cite web | last = Jones | first = Terry | title = Valentine of Rome | work = Patron Saints Index | url=http://www.catholic forum.com/saints/saintv06.htm | accessdate = 2007… …   Wikipedia

  • Gelasius I — (d. 496)    Saint and Pope.    Gelasius was probably a Roman citizen from Africa. Against the background of the Acacian Schism between the Church of Rome and that of Constantinople, Gelasius consistently upheld the supremacy of Rome. Many of his… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Saint George — Infobox Saint name=Saint George birth date=between ca. AD 275 and 281 death date=April 23 303 feast day=April 23 venerated in=Anglicanism Eastern Orthodoxy Lutheranism Oriental Orthodoxy Roman Catholicism imagesize=200px caption=Painting by… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Andrew — For other uses, see Saint Andrew (disambiguation). Saint Andrew the Apostle Saint Andrew, by José de Ribera Apostle, First called Born early 1st cent …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.