Garonne River

ancient Garumna

River, southwestern France.

The most important river of southwestern France, it is 357 mi (575 km) long. Formed by two glacial headstreams in the central Spanish Pyrenees, it flows north through mountain passes and descends to flow east across France. It continues to Toulouse and then to Bordeaux, where it is 1,800 ft (550 m) across. Flowing by the wine-growing Entre-deux-Mers peninsula, it unites with the Dordogne River 16 mi (26 km) north of Bordeaux to form the vast Gironde estuary.

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Spanish  Río Garona,  

      most important river of southwestern France, rising in the Spanish central Pyrenees and flowing into the Atlantic by way of the estuary called the Gironde. It is 357 miles (575 km) long, excluding the Gironde Estuary (45 miles in length). Formed by two headstreams in the Maladeta Massif (mountainous mass) in the Aragon region of northeast Spain, which flow from glaciers situated at elevations of more than 10,000 feet (3,000 m), the Garonne flows north for 30 miles (48 km) through Spanish territory, traversing the high mountain Val d'Aran through a gorge before crossing the frontier through the narrow defile of Pont-du-Roi at an elevation of 1,902 feet (580 m). Flowing east around Saint-Gaudens, the river veers northeast across one of the largest alluvial plains of France, receiving a tributary, the Ariège, from the southeast before passing Toulouse and then winding northwestward to Bordeaux. The Garonne receives the Tarn west of Moissac and is then joined by the Lot River below Aiguillon, southeast of Marmande. About 34 miles above Bordeaux it passes through Castets—its highest tidal point. At Bordeaux the river is 1,800 feet broad. Flowing between the wine-growing Entre-deux-Mers peninsula to the east and the Médoc coastal strip to the west, it unites with the Dordogne 16 miles north of Bordeaux to form the vast Gironde Estuary.

      The Garonne, which is regulated by 50 locks, is subject to sudden floods. The seasonal flow of the river is irregular, with high springtime levels at its source in the snows of the mountains, and its lowest levels in August and September. The Garonne is not navigable; it is accompanied by an old and little used lateral canal from Toulouse to Castets. The Canal du Midi, equally old, connecting the Garonne with the Mediterranean, starts at Toulouse. The river's basin is some 21,600 square miles (56,000 square km) in area.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garonne River — noun a river that rises in the Pyrenees and flows northwest to the Bay of Biscay • Syn: ↑Garonne • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑France, ↑French Republic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Garonne — Infobox River | river name = Garonne caption = The Garonne in Toulouse. origin = Pyrenees coord|42|49|47|N|0|43|50|E|display=inline|name=source Garonne mouth = Gironde estuary, Atlantic Ocean coord|45|2|29|N|0|36|24|W|name=Gironde Garonne|display …   Wikipedia

  • Garonne — 42° 38′ 59″ N 0° 40′ 06″ E / 42.6498, 0.6683 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Garonne — noun a river that rises in the Pyrenees and flows northwest to the Bay of Biscay • Syn: ↑Garonne River • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑France, ↑French Republic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Garonne — [gȧ rō̂n′] river in SW France, flowing from the Pyrenees into the Gironde: c. 400 mi (644 km) …   English World dictionary

  • Garonne — /gann rddawn /, n. a river in SW France, flowing NW from the Pyrenees to the Gironde River. 350 mi. (565 km) long. * * * …   Universalium

  • Garonne — Ga•ronne [[t]gaˈrɔn[/t]] n. geg a river in SW France, flowing NW from the Pyrenees to the Gironde River. 350 mi. (565 km) long …   From formal English to slang

  • Garonne — geographical name river about 355 miles (571 kilometers) SW France flowing NW to unite with the Dordogne forming Gironde Estuary …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Garonne — noun A river that flows from the Spanish Pyrenees into the Atlantic Ocean …   Wiktionary

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