Fustel de Coulanges, Numa Denis

born March 18, 1830, Paris, France
died Sept. 12, 1889, Massy

French historian.

He had a brilliant teaching career at the University of Strasbourg (1860–70) and later received other academic appointments. He championed the importance of objectivity and the unreliability of secondary sources, which became important tenets of modern historiography, and his insistence on the use of contemporary documents led to the full use of the French national archives in the 19th century. Most of his work, including La Cité antique (1864) and La Gaule romaine (1891), dealt with Roman Gaul and the Germanic invasions of the Roman Empire.

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▪ French historian
born March 18, 1830, Paris, France
died Sept. 12, 1889, Massy

      French historian, the originator of the scientific approach to the study of history in France.

      After studying at the École Normale Supérieure, he was sent to the French school at Athens in 1853 and directed some excavations at Chios. From 1860 to 1870 he was professor of history at the faculty of letters at the University of Strasbourg, where he had a brilliant career as a teacher. His subsequent appointments included a lectureship at the École Normale Supérieure in February 1870, a professorship at the University of Paris faculty of letters in 1875, the chair of medieval history at the Sorbonne in 1878, and the directorship of the École Normale in 1880.

      Fustel's historical thought had two main tenets: the importance of complete objectivity and the unreliability of secondary sources. By his teaching and example he thus established the modern idea of historical impartiality at a time when few people had any qualms about combining the careers of historian and politician. His insistence on the use of contemporary documents led to the very full use of the French national archives in the 19th century. Fustel, however, was no paleographer, and his fondness for manuscript sources was occasionally responsible for major errors of judgment.

      Apart from La Cité antique (1864; “The Ancient City”), a study of the part played by religion in the political and social evolution of Greece and Rome, most of Fustel's work was related to the study of the political institutions of Roman Gaul and the Germanic invasions of the Roman empire.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fustel de Coulanges, Numa-Denis — (1830 1889)    historian    Born in Paris, Fustel entered the École normale supérieure in 1850 and, in 185 3, attended the French School in Athens, Greece, where he wrote his first thesis on the history of the Greek island of Chios. In 1855, he… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Fustel de Coulanges, Numa Denis — (18 mar. 1830, París, Francia–12 sep. 1889, Massy). Historiador francés. Hizo una brillante carrera docente en la Universidad de Estrasburgo (1860–70), luego de lo cual recibió otros nombramientos académicos. Abogó por la importancia que reviste… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fustel de Coulanges — Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges (* 18. März 1830 in Paris; † 12. September 1889 in Paris) war ein französischer Historiker. Sein Name ist untrennbar mit seinem Hauptwerk, Der antike Staat (1864), verbunden. Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges — (18 March 1830 12 September 1889) was a French historian. Born in Paris, of Breton descent, after studying at the École Normale Supérieure he was sent to the French School at Athens in 1853, he directed some excavations in Chios, and wrote an… …   Wikipedia

  • FUSTEL DE COULANGES (N. D.) — FUSTEL DE COULANGES NUMA DENIS (1830 1889) D’origine bretonne, Fustel de Coulanges eut une carrière de professeur et d’historien. Après avoir été élève de l’École normale supérieure de la rue d’Ulm, il fut nommé membre de l’École française… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fustel de Coulanges — (Numa Denis) (1830 1889) historien français: la Cité antique (1864) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Coulanges. Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges. Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges (Paris, 18 mars 1830 Massy, 12  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges — (* 18. März 1830 in Paris; † 12. September 1889 ebenda) war ein französischer Historiker. Sein Name ist untrennbar mit seinem Hauptwerk, Der antike Staat (1864), verbunden. Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fustel de Coulanges — (spr. fūstell dö kulāngsch ), Numa Denis, franz. Historiker, geb. 18. März 1830 in Paris, gest. daselbst 12. Sept. 1889, war zuerst Professor in Amiens, darauf am Lycée St. Louis zu Paris, seit 1861 an der Fakultät in Straßburg. 1875 zur… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fustel de Coulanges — (spr. füstéll dĕ kulángsch), Numa Denis, franz. Geschichtschreiber, geb. 18. März 1830 zu Paris, 1861 70 Prof. zu Straßburg, dann in Paris, seit 1875 Mitglied der Akademie und Direktor der Normalschule, gest. 12. Sept. 1889 in Massy bei… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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