Frank, Robert

born Nov. 9, 1924, Zürich, Switz.

Swiss-born U.S. photographer.

In the 1940s he worked as a fashion photographer for Harper's Bazaar in Paris. He abandoned fashion work in 1947 to travel in the U.S. and South America and explore the use of the 35-mm camera. His collection The Americans (1959), with its gritty, discordant images of 1950s America, had enormous influence and established him as a major figure. After 1959 Frank turned to filmmaking; his short film Pull My Daisy (1959), a collaboration with Jack Kerouac, became an underground classic. A major later collection is Robert Frank: Moving Out (1994).

* * *

▪ American photographer
born November 9, 1924, Zürich, Switzerland

      one of the most influential photographers of the mid-20th century, noted for ironic renderings of American life.

      Frank became a professional industrial photographer at the age of 22 and in the 1940s became a successful fashion photographer for Harper's Bazaar magazine in Paris. He felt, however, that the scope of the work was too limited. He abandoned fashion photography about 1948 and went to the United States and then to Peru to explore the expressive possibilities of the 35-mm camera.

      After photographing in Europe in 1950 and 1953, Frank returned to the United States. There in 1955 and 1956 he made a series of photographs ultimately published as The Americans (1959), a photographic book with a text by the American novelist Jack Kerouac (Kerouac, Jack). Photographs such as Chicago, 1956 in The Americans reveal Frank's mature style, which is characterized by bold composition and ironic, sometimes bitter, social commentary. Their publication established Frank as a major creative photographer.

 After 1959 he turned primarily to cinematography. His first motion picture, Pull My Daisy (1959), was based on a play by Kerouac and featured the poets (Beat movement) Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, and Peter Orlovsky, as well as the painter Larry Rivers. Pull My Daisy was a critical success, but Frank's later films were not so well received.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FRANK, ROBERT — (1924– ), photographer. Born into a wealthy family in Zurich, Switzerland, Frank was 15 when war broke out across Europe. While his family was unharmed and sat out the war in neutral Switzerland, Frank later said that being Jewish and living with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Frank,Robert — Frank, Robert. Born 1924. Swiss born American photographer and filmmaker noted for his clear cut documentary style and interest in popular culture. * * * …   Universalium

  • Frank, Robert — (n. 9 nov. 1924, Zürich, Suiza). Fotógrafo estadounidense de origen suizo. En la década de 1940 trabajó como fotógrafo de modas para la revista Harper s Bazaar en París. En 1947 abandonó el trabajo de la moda para viajar por EE.UU. y Sudamérica,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frank Robert Miller — Infobox Military Person name= Frank Robert Miller lived= 1908 1997 caption= nickname= placeofbirth=Kamloops, British Columbia placeofdeath=Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America allegiance= Canada branch= serviceyears= 1931 1966 rank …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Frank — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Frank, nacido el 9 de noviembre de 1924 en Zúrich, Suiza, es una importante figura estadounidense dentro del ámbito de la fotografía y el cine. Su trabajo más destacado es el libro de fotografía The Americans …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Frank (disambiguation) — Robert Frank is an important figure in American photography and film.Robert Frank may also refer to:* Robert Frank (cricketer) (1864 1950), first class cricketer * Robert Frank Gagliano (born 1958), American football player * Robert H. Frank… …   Wikipedia

  • FRANK (R.) — FRANK ROBERT (1924 ) L’œuvre photographique de Robert Frank, multiple, complexe et radicalement personnelle, apparaît comme le lieu d’une exploration intérieure. Partant de la thèse que «la photographie reste toujours la réaction instinctive de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robert frank (historien) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert Frank. Robert Frank est un historien français, né en 1944. Agrégé d histoire (1968), il est spécialiste de l Europe et des relations internationales Biographie Il a été directeur de l IHTP entre 1990 et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Franklin (disambiguation) — Robert Franklin is the tenth president of Morehouse College.Robert Franklin may also refer to:* Robert Franklin Armfield (1829 1898), Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina * Robert Franklin Bratton (1845 1894), American politician * Robert… …   Wikipedia

  • Frank Roberts — may refer to:* Frank Roberts (diplomat) (1907 1998), British diplomat * Frank Roberts (footballer) (born 1893), English footballer * Frank Crowther Roberts (1891 1982), English recipient of the Victoria Cross * Frank Roberts (model maker) (1882… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.