died с 1481, ToursFrench painter.Little is known about his early life or training, but a trip to Rome in the 1440s exposed him to Italian Renaissance art; upon his return to Tours, Fouquet created a new style, combining the experiments of Italian painting with the exquisite precision of characterization and detail of Flemish art. His most famous works were produced for Charles VII's secretary, Étienne Chevalier: a large Book of Hours with some 60 full-page miniatures and a diptych from Notre-Dame at Melun (с 1450), with Chevalier's portrait on one panel and a Madonna and Child on the other. The altarpiece of the Pietà in the church at Nouans is his only monumental painting. In 1475 he became royal painter to Louis XI. He broadened the range of miniature painting to include vast panoramas of architecture and landscape and made brilliant use of aerial perspective and colour tonality. He was the preeminent French painter of the 15th century.
* * *▪ French painterborn c. 1420, Tours, Fr.died c. 1481, Tourspreeminent French painter of the 15th century.Little is known of Fouquet's early life, but his youthful work suggests that he was trained in Paris under the Bedford Master. His portrait of Charles VII (c. 1447; Louvre, Paris), though a panel painting, displays the use of brittle, incisive line characteristic of miniature painting. This work must have helped to establish his international reputation for, before 1447, he executed in Rome the portrait of Pope Eugenius IV. While in Italy he absorbed the progress that such painters as Masaccio, Fra Angelico, and Piero della Francesca had made in the handling of central perspective and foreshortening and in the rendering of volume.Upon his return to Tours, Fouquet created a new style, combining the experiments of Italian painting with the exquisite precision of characterization and detail of Flemish art. For the royal secretary and lord treasurer, Étienne Chevalier, he executed between 1450 and 1460 his most famous works: a large Book of Hours with about 60 full-page miniatures, 40 of which are among the great treasures of the château of Chantilly; and the diptych from Notre Dame at Melun (c. 1450) with Chevalier's portrait (Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin) on one panel and a Madonna with the features of Agnès Sorel, the King's mistress (Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp), on the other. Also to this period of the reign of Charles VII belong the two richly illuminated manuscripts of a French translation of Boccaccio's De casibus virorum illustrium (“On the Fates of Famous Men”) and De claris mulieribus (“On Famous Women”), Cas des nobles hommes et femmes malheureux (1458, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich), and a copy of the Grandes Chroniques de France (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris); and finally, the large altarpiece of the “Pietà” discovered in the church at Nouans, his only monumental painting.In 1469 King Louis XI founded the Order of St. Michael, and Fouquet illuminated the statutes of the order (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris). In 1474 he worked with the sculptor Michel Colombe on the design of the King's tomb and in the following year received the official title of royal painter. About the same time he completed the illustration of two volumes of a French translation of Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews (Antiquities of the Jews, The) (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris), in which he broadened the range of miniature painting to include vast panoramas of architecture and landscape, making brilliant use of aerial perspective and colour tonality to achieve compositional unity. Fouquet's work consistently displays clear, dispassionate observation rendered with intricate delicacy and alternates accurate perspective with a flat, non-illusionistic sense of space.
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Fouquet, Jean — (c. 1420 c. 1481) The most important French painter of the 15th century, Jean Fouquet was born in Tours, perhaps the illegitimate son of a priest, as suggested by the fact that the artist applied in 1449 to have his birth legitimized by the… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Fouquet, Jean — ► (¿1420 80?) Pintor y miniaturista francés, autor de las 47 páginas miniadas del Libro de Horas, de E. Chevalier. * * * (1420, Tours, Francia–1481, Tours). Pintor francés. Se sabe poco de los inicios de su vida y de su formación, pero en un… … Enciclopedia Universal
Fouquet,Jean — Fou·quet also Fouc·quet (fo͞o kāʹ), Jean. 1420? 1480?. French artist who produced religious paintings, unidealized portraits, and book illuminations. * * * … Universalium
Fouquet — Fouquet, Jean Fouquet, Nicholas … Enciclopedia Universal
Jean II. de Bourbon — Jean II. de Bourbon, Ausschnitt aus einer Buchmalerei aus den Grandes Chroniques de France von Jean Fouquet Jean II. de Bourbon (* 1426; † 1488 in Moulins) war erst Graf von Clermont en Beauvaisis dann Herzog von Bourbon und Auvergne. Er war der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean Bourre — Jean Bourré Jean Bourré est un des trois personnages, portant chapeau sombre, se tenant derrière Louis XI (œuvre de Jean Fouquet) Jean Bourré (1424 1506) est un homme d État français marié à … Wikipédia en Français
Jean Bourré — est un des trois personnages, portant chapeau sombre, se tenant derrière Louis XI (œuvre de Jean Fouquet) Jean Bourré (1424 1506) est un homme d État français marié à … Wikipédia en Français
Jean Fouquet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fouquet. Jean Fouquet Autoportrait sur émail. Musée du Louvre … Wikipédia en Français
Jean Fouquet — Autorretrato sobre esmalte. Museo del Louvre … Wikipedia Español
Jean de La Fontaine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fontaine et Lafontaine. Jean de La Fontaine … Wikipédia en Français