- International avant-garde group of artists founded in Germany by U.S. artist George Maciunas (1931–78) in 1962.Its members, including Joseph Beuys, John Cage, and Yves Klein, explored media ranging from performance art to poetry to experimental music. Opposed to tradition and professionalism in the arts, the Fluxus group shifted the emphasis from what an artist makes to the artist's personality, actions, and opinions. Throughout the 1960s and '70s they staged "action" events, engaged in politics and public speaking, and produced sculptural works featuring unconventional materials. Though it was an influential movement in Europe, the group's work frequently conflicted with authority and aroused much controversy.
* * *▪ arta loose international group of artists, poets, and musicians whose primary aesthetic impulse was to integrate life into art through the use of found events, sounds, and materials. More than 40 artists were associated with Fluxus, whose original intent was to produce a periodical anthologizing the latest experiments across the world in art and anti-art, music and anti-music, and poetry and anti-poetry.The name Fluxus, meant to suggest both “flow” and “effluent,” was coined by Fluxus founder George Maciunas (1931–78), a Lithuanian American designer and “cultural entrepreneur.” Maciunas used the word fluxus to describe a wide range of his activities, from a published call for a common front of artists against culture to a New York artists' housing association, as well as a publishing concern that produced ephemeral, interactive multiples and staged live events called “happenings” that were precursors to performance art, video art, and other avant-garde art forms.In its early years, from 1962 to 1966, Fluxus fused conceptual art, minimalism, new music, poetry, and chance-based work into an intermedia phenomenon, identifiable more through its irreverent attitude toward art than through the use of any distinct style. Utilizing humour—in the spirit of Dada—and everyday materials and experiences, Fluxus created original and often surprising objects and events. The Fluxus event, sometimes a minimal live gesture initially presented as part of a concert or poetry reading, was researched and developed in part from ideas collected by American experimental musician La Monte Young and published by him and American poet and playwright Jackson Mac Low in 1963 as An Anthology of Chance Operations…. This publication—which collected “chance operations, concept art, anti-art, indeterminacy, plans of action, diagrams, music, dance constructions, improvisation, meaningless work, natural disasters, compositions, mathematics, essays, [and] poetry”—was designed by Maciunas and formed much of the material for his “Festum Fluxorum,” a European tour of 1962–63 during which Fluxus became an official movement and its international character was confirmed.From 1964 Maciunas designed, produced, and promoted hundreds of multiples: a remarkable range of objects from tiny books of compositions to uniquely altered attaché cases with compartments full of games in small plastic boxes, plus films, records, jokes, miniature environments, posters, and charts using imagery publicly available from the New York Public Library. All Fluxus production was driven by a utilitarian philosophy in which colour, scale, material, and font were secondary to affordability and available space, a format that brought coherence to the otherwise heterogeneous Fluxus style. More than 30 individuals, from Christo (Christo and Jeanne-Claude) to Yoko Ono, collaborated with Maciunas, who interpreted their ideas, whether for a chess set or an apron, into multiple forms. Produced on demand by hand, using volunteer labour and the cheapest material, these provocative and amusing items were deliberately ephemeral, inexpensively priced, and intended for use rather than display.Additional ReadingH. Sohm and Harald Szeemann, Happening & Fluxus (1970), is an exhibition catalog in English and German. Harry Ruhé, Fluxus, the Most Radical and Experimental Art Movement of the Sixties (1979), is another publication by a member of Fluxus. Jon Hendricks (compiler), Fluxus Codex (1988), contains a catalog of a major collection of Fluxus materials. Later works that examine the context and influence of the movement include Elizabeth Armstrong and Joan Rothfuss, In the Spirit of Fluxus (1993), an exhibition catalog; Ken Friedman (ed.), The Fluxus Reader (1998); and Hannah Higgins, Fluxus Experience (2002).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Fluxus — a name taken from a Latin word meaning to flow is an international network of artists, composers and designers noted for blending different artistic media and disciplines in the 1960s. They have been active in Neo Dada noise music and visual art… … Wikipedia
Fluxus — (palabra latina que significa flujo) es un movimiento artístico de las artes visuales pero también de la música y la literatura. Tuvo su momento más activo entre la década de los sesenta y los setenta del siglo XX. Se declaró contra el objeto… … Wikipedia Español
Fluxus — est un mouvement d art contemporain né dans les années 1960 qui toucha principalement les arts visuels mais aussi la musique et la littérature. Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 En Allemagne dans les années 1960 3 Voir aussi … Wikipédia en Français
FLUXUS — En 1961, l’architecte et designer Algis Maciunas présenta, dans la galerie AG qu’il animait à Madison Avenue (New York), une série de concerts de musiciens, de poètes et d’artistes plasticiens se situant dans la mouvance de John Cage: Richard… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Fluxus — (lat.), der Fluß, das Fließen; f. aurium, Ohrenfluß; f. coeliacus, Milchruhr; f. haemorrhoidalis, Goldene Ader; f. lochiorum oder lochialis, Wochenfluß; f. menstruus, Monatsfluß … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
fluxus — index transient Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
Fluxus — Manifesto von Georges Maciunas, Festum Fluxorum Fluxus, Düsseldorf, Februar 1963 Fluxus (lat. flux/fluere = fließend, vergänglich) ist eine Kunstrichtung, die in den 60er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts weithin bekannt und von namhaften… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fluxus — Flụ|xus 〈m.; ; unz.〉 an den Dadaismus anknüpfende Art des Happenings [lat., „Fließen“] * * * Flụxus [lateinisch »das Fließen«] der, , Begriff der zeitgenössischen Kunst für Aktionen, bei denen ein oder mehrere Künstler (mit Akteuren) versuchen … Universal-Lexikon
Fluxus — Flụxus [aus lat. fluxus = das Fließen] m; : vermehrte, gesteigerte Flüssigkeitsabsonderung (z. B. von Blut oder Eiter) … Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke
Fluxus — Flu|xus der; <aus lat. fluxus »das Fließen«>: 1. vermehrte, gesteigerte Flüssigkeitsabsonderung (z. B. von Blut od. Eiter; Med.). 2. neodadaistische Kunstrichtung um 1960 … Das große Fremdwörterbuch